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Daniel 9:27 (NET Bible)

27 He will confirm a covenant with many for one week. But in the middle of that week, he will bring sacrifices and offerings to a halt. On the wing[ of abominations will come[c] one who destroys until the decreed end is poured out on the one who destroys.”

1/ Which covenant was confirmed, "with the many" for one week? (Daniel 9:27)

2/Who does the many (people) refer to, and why did God extend the period?

3/ Is the covenant in force today?

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  • 2
    these are three HUGE questions. Could I suggest that you break these into three? Otherwise we will never get to the end.
    – Dottard
    Commented Aug 14, 2020 at 20:58
  • 1
    See hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/questions/49799/… Does this help?
    – Dottard
    Commented Aug 14, 2020 at 21:45
  • The destruction of the Second Jerusalem Temple (AD 70) took place in the middle of the First Jewish-Roman War (AD 66-73). Going back 490 years from AD 70 we arrive in 420 BC. Now, the vision of Daniel 9 takes place in the first year of Darius II (423 BC), as can be deduced by comparing 9:1 with 11:1-4.
    – Lucian
    Commented Aug 15, 2020 at 4:07
  • @Lucian- I'm afraid that you have your Darius's mixed up. Darius the Mede and Darius II, are two different leaders. And the 490 years started in 444 BC, with Artaxerxes second degree, NOT HIS FIRST. The first 483 years of which ended in 33 AD, with Christ's crucifixion. The last 7 years (after an/the intermittent gap) most likely encompassing 66 AD thru 73 AD. These 490 years are all referred to in my essay (as mentioned in my answer here) in no uncertain terms. Commented Aug 15, 2020 at 10:41
  • @Dottard- Just acknowledged your second comment above. I went and looked at your answer that you reference, which was truly amazing but then why am I not surprised. I will go now and vote it up, which I should have done when I first looked at it. Commented Aug 15, 2020 at 10:47

11 Answers 11

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  1. Jesus confirmed his covenant, the New Covenant, for one week. In the middle of the week (3 ½ years into his ministry) he was “cut off” thus, putting an end to the sacrifices and offerings of the old covenant. The Jews would still continue in vain to offer sacrifices that had been rendered null and void by the crucifixion of Christ for another 40 years until the destruction of the temple. It would still be another 3 ½ years from the crucifixion until the completion of the covenant week when the Samaritans and the Gentiles were brought in with the conversion of the Samaritans and the Ethiopian Eunuch in Acts 8. The covenant is now fulfilled.

  2. In Matthew 24:15-16, Jesus applies the Daniel 9:27 and the “abomination of desolation” to the impending destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, an event that would be witnessed by that generation. He warns them,

“Therefore, when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.”

This is a reference to the “abomination of desolation” of Daniel 9, not that of Daniel 12. The “abomination of desolation” of which Jesus spoke would be the standards of the Roman army that would be placed in the “holy place.” When that generation saw the Roman army coming to surround Jerusalem, they were to flee to the mountains in order to escape the judgment that God was sending upon Jerusalem.

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  • I do not disagree with your answer here. But can you support your assertion in the first sentence with any Bible references especially since some assert that the covenant that was confirmed was the old covenant that finished with Jesus' sacrifice?
    – Dottard
    Commented Aug 14, 2020 at 23:38
  • Why support the questionable 3-year ministry of John’s Gospel, instead of assigning the “one (7)” to the 1-year ministry of Mark/Matthew/Luke? * Thanks for sharing your research to help answer the disputed allegory of Daniel 9:27 assigned to the ministry of the Messiah. I appreciate your time and discipleship to help others learn biblical context. - Blessings! Commented Aug 15, 2020 at 11:47
  • Dottard. The Law covenant which God made with the Israelites shortly after they left Egypt, was canceled on the basis of Christ’s death on the cross. "14 He has destroyed what was against us, a certificate of indebtedness expressed in decrees opposed to us. He has taken it away by nailing it to the cross ". Col. 2:14 (NET Bible) Compare Heb. 7:12, 9:15, Jer 31:31-34; Heb 8:13) So it was not the Law covenant that was kept in force for a week, at the same time Jesus did not make a New Covenant as mentioned by oldhermit Commented Aug 15, 2020 at 13:03
  • @oldhermit- I see you are an advocate for the 70th week following straight on from the 69th, many a Christian is, except for the fact that the 69th week ENDED at Christ's DEATH, in April of 33 AD, not at the beginning of his ministry, in the fall of 29 AD. Artaxerxes' 2nd degree, NOT THE FIRST, in the Spring of 444 BC, heralded the start of the "70 Weeks" prophecy. 483 (360 day years), 173,880 days later, we arrive at the Spring of 33 AD. From your 2nd point on however, I would concur. Commented Aug 15, 2020 at 17:02
  • @OzzieOzzie If "The Law covenant which God made with the Israelites ... was canceled on the basis of Christ’s death on the cross," why did God, for the first years after His death, send the Holy Spirit only to Jerusalem and only to Israelites? Why did God give Peter to heal a man at the temple? Why did the angel, after he released them from prison, tell them to go and preach in the temple? Contrary to your view, as I read Acts, for the few years after the Cross God appealed to the heart of the Jewish nation for repentance as He has never done before or after.
    – Andries
    Commented Apr 30, 2022 at 14:03
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When you read the text of verse 25-26 it is describing 2 prince Messiah the prince And the prince of the people that is to come. In the middle of the 3 1/2 years the Messiah was cut off the veil of the Temple was Torn into by the power of God. This signified no more blood sacrifices. And that God will no longer dwell in temples made by hands. And the prince of the people that is to come desolations are determined that happened in 70Ad when the Roman Emperor Titus desecrated the temple and The Roman Army destroyed the city and over a million people were killed. The Covenant is about the fulfillment of the New Covenant through Jesus Christ and in 37AD Apostle Peter preached to the Gentiles and Cornelius received the Holy Spirit and this completed the 70th week. The Angel came to Daniel to bring good news and it was about the fulfillment of righteousness. Not about some man that is going to sign a peace treaty. Also the Bible gives as a reference scripture Isaiah 42:6 To confirm that it is Christ that Confirms the Covenant . Also Galatians 3:14 .

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    Commented Apr 13, 2022 at 1:16
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According to Daniel 9:27, “he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week.” This is the last of the 70 weeks; the last seven years. The "he" must refer to somebody mentioned in the previous verse. That verse refers to two people:

  1. The Messiah who is “cut off” and
  2. “The prince that shall come,” whose people will destroy the city.

In Dispensationalism, the first 69 weeks came to an end in the year when Jesus died but the 70th week will be the last seven years before Christ returns. The “he” is then interpreted as the “prince” of verse 26 and as an end-time Antichrist that will make a covenant with "many."

In contrast, I would like to argue that “he” is the Messiah (Jesus Christ) and that it is God’s covenant with Israel that “he” will "make."

OBJECTIONS

Firstly, I offer the following objections to the view that “he” refers to an end-time Antichrist:

(1) “The people of the prince,” who destroy the city (v26), are the first century Roman Empire. If the prince is an end-time Antichrist, then the people and their prince live 2000 years apart.

(2) The wording of the text of Daniel in no way indicates a gap between the 70th and the previous 69 weeks.

(3) To allocate the last seven years to an end-time Antichrist divides the prophecy into two unrelated prophecies; one about Christ 2000 years ago, and one about an end-time Antichrist.

(4) If the last “week” is the seven years before Christ returns, then it ends with Christ’s return but the prophecy gives no indication of His return.

(5) In Dispensationalism, the Roman Empire will be revived in the end-time. But how can the Roman Empire be revived 1500 years after it has ceased to exist?

(6) Dispensationalism also requires the temple to be rebuilt twice; firstly, a few hundred years before Christ and, secondly, in the end-time. But the prophecy promises only one rebuilding.

GOD'S COVENANT

Secondly, I would like to argue as follows that the covenant of the 70th week is God’s covenant with Israel:

(1) The 490 years are an extension or renewal of God's covenant with Israel. Therefore, the seven-year covenant in 9:27 must be the last seven years of that 490-year covenant.

(2) As that article also shows, God’s covenant with Israel is the central theme in Daniel 9 that unites the prayer and the prophecy.

(3) Of the six times that the word “covenant” appears in Daniel, four times it is explicitly God’s covenant with Israel (Dan 9:4; 11:28, 30, 32).

(4) The verb translated as "confirm" (the covenant) is not a verb for the making of a new covenant but for maintaining an existing covenant. Then, it can only be God's covenant with Israel.

(5) “The many,” with whom “he” confirms the covenant, most often refers to God’s people (e.g., Isa 53:11; Dan 11:33). Then it must be God’s covenant.

“HE” IS THE MESSIAH

Thirdly, by showing that the "he," who confirms the covenant, is the "Messiah" (Jesus Christ), and not the Antichrist, this section confirms that the covenant of the last "week" is God's covenant:

(1) The poetic pattern of the prophecy shifts the focus back and forth between Jerusalem and the Messiah. In this pattern, it is the Messiah who confirms the covenant for seven years. (See Sequence of Events for a discussion of the poetic pattern.)

(2) That article also shows that the prophecy is structured as a chiasm. In a chiasm, the first item corresponds to the last, the second to the second last, etc. In Daniel 9, in this chiasm, the "one week" in verse 27 corresponds to the Messiah.

(3) In verse 26, the subject is “the people of the prince;” not the prince. The main person in verse 26 is the "Messiah." He is, therefore, the appropriate antecedent for “he” in verse 27.

(4) Verse 26 describes the prince as “to come.” “The prince of Greece” is also “to come” (Dan 10:20). But he is a supernatural being representing the Greek Empire (Dan 10:16, 18). This implies that “the prince” of 9:26 is also a supernatural being; representing the Roman Empire. The “he” of verse 27, who is a human being, therefore, cannot refer back to the prince in verse 26.

(5) The Messiah arrives at the end of the 69th week (v25). Given the goals in verse 24, this causes us to expect great things. This implies that it is the Messiah who does the great things in the 70th week.

(6) The “he” of verse 27 also “put a stop to sacrifice.” Given that the purpose of the 490 years includes “to make atonement for iniquity” (v24) through killing the messiah (v26), “he” is the Messiah. His death solved the sin problem of the world. The Jewish sacrifices did not stop immediately but did point forward to the Lamb of God and lost their meaning when He died.

CONCLUSION

During those last seven years, Jesus confirmed God’s covenant with Israel: Never before or after in human history has God appealed so strongly for the heart of any nation as He did, firstly, through Christ's personal ministry on earth for 3½ years and, secondly, through the Holy Spirit during the 2 to 4 years after He died.

For a further discussion, see here.

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  • It is not the week that is "cut off" from the prophecy, disjoining it to be fulfilled at some ambiguous later period of time, but rather the Messiah who was to be "cut off" (killed). The interpretation presented here is Biblically incorrect. There is nothing in the 70-week prophecy to indicate anything other than a consecutive transpiration of the events predicted. The 69th week ends at the start of Jesus' ministry, i.e. his baptism in AD 27. Three and a half years later, in the midst of that final "week", he is crucified. @oldhermit answered this correctly.
    – Biblasia
    Commented Feb 8, 2023 at 1:01
  • @Biblasia I agree with everything you say. I will have read my article again to see why you say we disagree.
    – Andries
    Commented Feb 9, 2023 at 8:14
  • After your comment, I read your answer again--this time being less pressed for time. I see now that you are not arguing in favor of the dispensationalist view, you just included it in your answer and then gave an opposing view. I had misunderstood that you were promoting it--my apologies. Yes, it appears we do indeed agree on the 70 weeks remaining an intact whole, without the last of them being disjointed from the prophecy to be fulfilled separately. Your introduction to the "In Dispensationalism, ..." paragraph misled me, but it's my fault for not reading more carefully.
    – Biblasia
    Commented Feb 9, 2023 at 18:26
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The Hebrew word for "covenant" is berith. And the Old Testament spoke of the making of a covenant in the future several times.

The LORD you are seeking will come to His temple, the Messenger of the covenant whom you desire will come. (Malachi 3:1)

I will make a new covenant with the House of Israel... (Jeremiah 31:31)

He shall confirm the covenant with "many." (Daniel 9:27)

The word for "confirm" is gabar and it basically means "to strengthen." (hithp.Heb.) The Hebrew word for "many" is rab, and is used in chapter 12 of Daniel (vss. 3, 10, many purified), as well.

The definitive answer to which covenant this prophecy referred to is that given by Jesus Himself. It is recorded in Matthew 26:28 and Mark 14:24:

"This is the blood of the New Covenant which is poured out for the Many." (The Greek words are (1) kuines diathekes, new covenant, and (2) pollon, the many.)

There are a plethora of references to this Covenant throughout the N.T. (1 cor. 11:25, 2 Cor. 3:6, Hebrews 8:8-10, et al.) The writer of Hebrews repeatedly called Jesus the Mediator of the Covenant. And emphasized the superiority of this New Covenant over the Old Mosaic one (Heb. 8:10).

That this covenant is for the many, to use Daniel's vernacular, is manifest in the use of this word by the Apostles. (polus, Gk.)

  • Grace abounds to many - Rom. 5:15
  • Bear the sins of many - Heb. 9:28
  • Blood shed for many - Mark 14:24
  • Many come from the East - Mt. 8:11
  • Give a ransom for many - Mt. 20:28
  • Blood is shed for many - Mt. 26:28

To help understand the phrases of Daniel 9 note that there is a Hebraic parallelism in these verses: A B A' B'. This ties the making of the covenant with the "cutting off of the Anointed One." This was done in the middle of the week, or at the end of the three and a half years of the final week of the Seventy Weeks. We recall that Jesus' ministry lasted these three and a half years! Then He was crucified after being convicted of love in the first degree!

The short answer to this question is that Daniel's covenant was a reference to the new amazing Covenant of grace for the many, made possible by the shed blood of the Anointed One, Jesus Christ, the Son of God. And it was made at the end of 3 1/2 years of ministry in Judea.

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  • +1 Thank you, @Ray Grant, for your articulate and well-supported answer. However, I don't see how your interpretation fits with a chronological interpretation of Daniel 9:24-27. After 69 heptads of years (483 years) from 457 BCE, Yeshua did indeed appear and began his ministry in 26/27 CE. Then, after 3-1/2 years, Yeshua was cut off in 30 CE. After 40 years, Jerusalem and the Temple were indeed destroyed. If the 70th heptad were completed in 33/34 CE, we're left with an extra 40 years that doesn't fit in with Gabriel's description. There doesn't seem to be any way of avoiding a hiatus, right?
    – Dieter
    Commented May 2 at 19:33
  • @ Dieter - The 70 heptads does indeed take us to the awesome Messiah and his crucifixion (cutting off). The Destruction of Jerusalem is a distant consequence of that rejection of Jesus---not a required part of the 70x7. Chapter 12 deals with that distant consequence in detail, giving its exact 3 1/2 year conquest by the Romans, with the holdout of the Zealots in the end. (1335 day) Jesus made it clear in Matthew 23 that His death, and all the murders of the prophets before, were connected with Judgment .---a generation later!
    – ray grant
    Commented May 2 at 21:00
  • Okay, I think I understand your interpretation now--that there was a sort of Jonah/Nineveh relationship to the ultimate destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. Perhaps Nero would have filled the role of the antichrist then rather than in the future.
    – Dieter
    Commented May 2 at 23:28
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At the start of the 70th week (483 years), Christ started His ministry on earth to fulfill the covenant He made with Abraham:

Matt 3:13-15

Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him. But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he suffered him.

Gal 3:17-18

And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

At this time, the final 7-year week of Daniel’s Seventy weeks of years commenced. When this last week of years is completed, Christ will bring an end to sin, make reconciliation for iniquity, and bring in everlasting righteousness for all mankind.

To complete this mission, Christ willingly went to the cross at the 3 ½ year mark and was cut off.

This event at the cross stopped the literal countdown of the last 7 years remaining of Daniel’s prophecy. The remaining 3 ½ years will be fulfilled spiritually under the New Covenant of Grace through Faith.

At the cross, Christ’s sacrifice provided the Pathway to Salvation for mankind. As a result of Christ’s death and resurrection, the Old Covenant of Law was fulfilled and the New Covenant of Grace through Faith began.

This change is shown to us in verse 27:

Dan 9:27

And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

Christ’s death on the cross caused the sacrifice and the oblation to cease. No longer can mankind approach God through the Old Covenant of Law (man’s works). Now the only approach to God is under the New Covenant of Grace through Faith in Jesus Christ who will perform all the necessary works for mankind’s salvation.

The New Covenant is also a spiritual covenant. In other words, all the works which Christ will perform are done within mankind. To be saved, we all must be spiritually converted from being a child of the Devil to being a child of God.

With this change from the Old Covenant to the New Covenant, God will longer dwell in a physical temple. His new temple will be made without hands. This new temple is mankind.

Mark 14:58

We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.

1Cor 3:16

Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

THE REMAINING 3 ½ YEARS (1260 DAYS)

The last 3 ½ years of Daniel’s prophecy are also presented in scripture as Time, Times and half a time, 1260 days, and 42 months. These terms are spiritual symbols and do not represent literal time.

At the end of the final age, when the last person of mankind is saved, the remaining 3 ½ years of Daniel’s prophecy will be fulfilled and Christ will have put an end to sin and will have brought in everlasting righteousness.

Christ will accomplish this goal by causing all mankind to travel the Pathway to Salvation that He has established. Since it is 100% His work, He will not fail to save even one person.

At the core of the Pathway to Salvation is the Early and Latter Rains. The time in between these two events is the remaining 3 1/2 years. It is not literal time. When a person makes it to the Latter Rain, they are saved and the 3 1/2 years come to an end for them. This is repeated for each person who has ever lived.

For a more detailed answer, please see my website "greatmysteryofchrist.com"

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For those who suggest the 70 weeks start with the 2nd Decree of Artaxerxes, this is wrong because of Genesis 1:14. Genesis 1:14 clearly tells you what a year is. God never defines a year in any other way but to express it as a lunar-solar year which is what the FEASTS are based on. You do not have a year go by without a PASSOVER and other Holy Days. Also a Jubilee is 49 years, 10 Jubilees is 490 years. To do this uncalled for "360 day year" and take 483 (69 weeks) X 360 = 173,880 then divide 173,880 by 365.25 to get 476 years is not biblical in any way. You are messing up the Jubilees, and stripping the number of significance just to force your interpretation.

a 19 year lunar-solar calendar cycle will almost be the exact length of 19 gregorian calendar years.

God never tells you any other way to interpret a year besides what He says in Genesis 1:14. He never describes a year any other way. Not one single text in the bible.

You are simply lying to people by imposing that onto the text. A 360 day year is not ever used by the Jews.


I want to add one more thing:

A question for futurists. If you were to stand in front of God and and God was upset with you for deceiving people and teaching them that a year was 360 days long, how would you go about defending yourself in front of God?

For example if I had to defend myself, if God said I was wrong about a year, I would simply point to Genesis 1:14 and say this tells me what a year is supposed to be based on. I would also point out that in the Bible that there is nothing said about there being more than one type of year. The only year spoken of is the lunar solar year that the Jewish calendar is based on. How do I know there is also a 360-day year? How do I know in one passage you mean the 360 day year and how do I know in a different passage you mean the lunar solar Jewish year?

Also, I see no evidence in other prophetic passages of you having another kind of year, this 360-day year. For example, in Jeremiah, I never heard anyone ever say the prophesied 70 years of captivity was actually 69 (70 × 360 = 25200 25200 ÷ 365.24219 = 68.99 years). No one does that in any other prophecy concerning years.

In fact the futurists never say, when referring to the final 7 years "the final 6 years and 10.5 months". (7 x 360 then divide it by 365.25)

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    – agarza
    Commented Oct 27, 2023 at 15:56
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    Commented Oct 27, 2023 at 15:57
  • I agree with your objection. Instead of depending on simply ignoring ~5-1/4 days every year, start with the proclamation made in 457 BCE. 69x7 = 483 years later takes us to 26/27 CE (there's no year 0) when Jesus began is ministry. About 3-1/2 years after Jesus began his ministry, he was executed in 30 CE (the consensus among scholars for several reasons), and 40 years later, in 70 CE, Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed.
    – Dieter
    Commented May 2 at 20:05
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I have no doubt that in the midst of the week Jesus died on the cross put an end to the sacrifices and offerings, the only issue that I have is when Jesus died his covenant was not for a week his covenant was an eternal covenant. I know that week is not of the Antichrist cuz Daniel 9:24-27 has nothing to do with the Antichrist or the final seven years, but I'm stumped on he made a covenant with many for a week.

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  • This does not provide an answer to the question. Once you have sufficient reputation you will be able to comment on any post; instead, provide answers that don't require clarification from the asker. - From Review
    – agarza
    Commented Nov 28, 2023 at 4:31
  • @ Steel_Ballz - The way the English translates this verse can lead to such confusion. But I refer you to the Hebrew which gives the meaning of "confirm" meaning "establish as certain>" And it does not refer to the time of endurance or effectuality. The covenant is indeed eternal, but it took the crucifixion to confirm it. There was no "week-long" covenant intended here. Keep studying the Bible; it's great for the soul!
    – ray grant
    Commented Nov 30, 2023 at 0:08
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Consider what Christ says in Mathew 24. He says, "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)." So then it means there's going to be a temple constructed in Israel during the time of Jacob's trouble (Jeremiah 30:7), which is the 7yr-Tribulation you see. And the abomination of desolation there, He's speaking of a future leader, Satan, who's going to go to the constructed temple (Jesus indicates so) & desecrates it, stopping all sacrificing as Daniel 9:27 says.It says there very clearly, "Whoso readeth,let him understand.So the "he" in Daniel 9:27 can't be Christ. Really,,,🙂

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I find myself in disagreement with all of the other answers I've read so far. The one making the covenant is NOT Jesus or any messiah. It is the polar opposite of the messiah, namely the king who established the "desolation of destruction", also called the "abomination of desolation." According to the Maccabean hypothesis, this was Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who persecuted Jews who held to their faith and transformed the Temple of Jerusalem into a pagan shrine.

The reason some writers confuse Jesus with the one who makes the "covenant of the many" has to do with putting and end to sacrifices. These interpreters presume that this was a good thing, and it refers to Jesus becoming a sacrifice for sin. However, if the Maccabean hypothesis is correct (as I think it is), putting an end to sacrifices refers to the persecution of Judaism by Antiochus IV, which precipitated the Maccabean Revolt. This is described quite clearly in 1 Maccabees 1:

44 The king sent letters by messenger to Jerusalem and to the cities of Judah, ordering them to follow customs foreign to their land; 45 to prohibit burnt offerings, sacrifices, and libations in the sanctuary, to profane the sabbaths and feast days, 46 to desecrate the sanctuary and the sacred ministers, 47 to build pagan altars and temples and shrines, to sacrifice swine and unclean animals, 48 to leave their sons uncircumcised, and to defile themselves with every kind of impurity and abomination; 49 so that they might forget the law and change all its ordinances. 50 Whoever refused to act according to the command of the king was to be put to death.

1 Maccabees also confirms that many of the Jews went along with Antiochus' reforms at first. From the same chapter:

11 In those days there appeared in Israel transgressors of the law who seduced many, saying: “Let us go and make a covenant with the Gentiles all around us; since we separated from them, many evils have come upon us.”

The Maccabean hypothesis understands this historical fact to be what the writer of Daniel refers to as "the covenant with the many," which was soon followed by the desolating abomination.

Conclusion: although the OP presumes otherwise, Dan. 9 indeed refers to an antichrist, but not the antichrist of Revelation (a term that is not used in that book, BTW). To answer the OP's other questions directly:

  • The 'covenant of the many' was an not a godly covenant but an evil agreement by many Jews of the second century b.c.e. to accept Antiochus Epiphanes' anti-biblical policies.

  • The people referred to as being involved in this covenant were Hellenized Jews as as described in the Book of I Maccabees.

  • This covenant was overthrown by the patriotism of the Maccabees and their followers, culminating in the defeat of Antiochus' forces, the rededication of the Temple and the initiation of the holiday still celebrated today as Hanukkah.

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  • Please help me understand how you're fitting all this together. In 167 BCE, Antiochus IV Epiphanese desecrated the Temple by sacrificing a pig there and erected a statue to Zeus. If this were the abomination that makes desolate, then prior to that event the Messiah must have appeared and was cut off, a seven year covenant must have in in progress (i.e. 163-170 BCE) and the Temple and Jerusalem were then destroyed. But that didn’t happen then, right? So are you asserting that Daniel 9:27 is not chronological?
    – Dieter
    Commented May 2 at 19:54
  • the term translated as "messiah" is "anointed one." It can be applied both to a king and/or a high priest. In Daniel 9:26 the anointed one is the high priest Onias III. According to a footnote in the NABRE, he was "murdered in 171 B.C., from which the author dates the beginning of the persecution. " There are several high priests of this name mentioned in I and II Maccabees. There was heavy fighting in Jerusalem and the Temple was damaged, but not destroyed. Commented May 2 at 21:37
  • 1 macc 1... the king sent the Mysian commander to the cities of Judah, and he came to Jerusalem with a strong force. 30... Then he attacked the city suddenly, in a great onslaught, and destroyed many of the people in Israel. 31 He plundered the city and set fire to it, demolished its houses and its surrounding walls. ...Her sanctuary became desolate as a wilderness; her feasts were turned into mourning, Her sabbaths to shame, her honor to contempt. 40 As her glory had been, so great was her dishonor: her exaltation was turned into mourning. Commented May 2 at 21:52
  • Thank you, @Dan Fefferman. And if this all happened as you say, then what was the terminus a quo for the 70 heptads?
    – Dieter
    Commented May 2 at 23:30
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In an essay I wrote, in my addendum (1,a) I said the following:

"While the Mosaic/Sinai (non everlasting) OLD COVENANT, which was, figuratively, nailed to the CROSS, at JESUS' death in 33 AD, was broken, contributing to the devastation for the Jews, the Abrahamic covenant, at least for the circumcised Jew, one would surmise, was to be still in effect for one further week (66 AD thru 73 AD), even though 70 AD saw the end of SACRIFICE AND GRAIN OFFERING. The NEW COVENANT (everlasting) through Jesus, which superseded the Abrahamic covenant and which was to include the Gentiles (after the gospel was taken to them by Peter...Acts Ch. 10), and be a covenant to all showing true FAITH in Jesus and his RANSOM SACRIFICE (sacrificial death of Jesus, made in order to reconcile sinners to a holy God...Mark, 10:45), takes center stage, after 73 AD, particularly benefiting those who will ultimately rule with Christ (144,000). The OC was based on promises to God, and was non everlasting, whereas the NC is based on God's promises to us, and God's word lasts forever.

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  • @Soldarnal- While I understand the reason behind your edit and cannot exactly fault you for it. I am strongly of the opinion that this may well have been a blatant "poaching" exercise by the OP, without any "possible" shame. I say "possible" as I could be wrong and if I am, my sincere apologies will be in order to the OP, but I have the strongest feeling that I am not wrong. Consequently, I still feel that the OP needs to inform/explain as to where he got the idea for the question from. If he remains silent on this, then that, to me at least, speaks volumes...... Commented Aug 15, 2020 at 15:28
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(Daniel 9:26 NIV); "After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed. "

  • the Anointed One will be put to death - Understood as Jesus died for us on the cross in 30AD;
  • The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. Understood as Titus of Rome destroy Jerusalem and Holy Temple in 70AD;
  • The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed. This is a long period before the last seven. In this period, the world is in turmoil, then the last seven (The end) will suddenly come (like a flood), that Jesus described it came like a thief that nobody knows when except the Father.

Then Daniel 9:27 described the final seven: "He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And at the temple[j] he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him."

As there is a long period of time in between 9:26 and 9:27, the pronoun "He" has no connection to anyone in 9:26. We have to go to the Book of Revelation, the happenings in end time to find the answer.

In chapter 12, there is an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on its heads. It is Satan. In chapter 13, there is a beast coming out of the sea. It had ten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on its horns. It is Satan again but disguise in another form. The dragon give his authority to the beast for 42 months, which is half of the last 7. In chapter 17, there is a scarlet beast that was covered with blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten horns, carrying a woman bearing the name "Babylon the Great, the mother of Prostitutes". This particular beast the angel had given an explanation, recorded in Revelation 17:8-14

8 The beast, which you saw, once was, now is not, and yet will come up out of the Abyss and go to its destruction. The inhabitants of the earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the creation of the world will be astonished when they see the beast, because it once was, now is not, and yet will come.

9 “This calls for a mind with wisdom. The seven heads are seven hills on which the woman sits.

10 They are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; but when he does come, he must remain for only a little while.

11 The beast who once was, and now is not, is an eighth king. He belongs to the seven and is going to his destruction.

12 “The ten horns you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but who for one hour will receive authority as kings along with the beast.

13 They have one purpose and will give their power and authority to the beast.

14 They will wage war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will triumph over them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings—and with him will be his called, chosen and faithful followers.” (NIV)

Explanation of Revelation 17:8-14

  • The beast with seven heads and ten horns is another form of Satan
  • The angel prophesied the beast will go to its destruction (vv8) echoes the last sentence of Daniel 9:27
  • The seven heads are seven hills and are also seven kings. Five have fallen refer to the five kingdoms once ruled over the promise land, they were Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia and Greece. "One is" refer to Rome. "the other has not yet come but when he does come, he must remain for only a little while". This refers to the last earthly powerful reign before the Christ's return. "The little while" refers to the 70th week, that is, the last seven years.
  • The beast is the eighth king. The beast is Satan, and he had inflicted his power into all seven reigns. Therefore "He belongs to the seven" (vv11)
  • Verse 12-13 described the ten horns who did not have the kingdom but was given power by the beast (or the seventh king who under the beast), but also submit their power and authority back to the beast. It means they are vassals of the beast.

With this background, now get back to the questions of Daniel 9:27;

1. Which covenant was confirmed, "with the many" for one week?

It is the covenant between the seventh king with the beast and his ten vassals. They are against the Christians and will succeed in the first half of the 70th week (In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering - Daniel 9:27).

2/Who does the many (people) refer to, and why did God extend the period?

The many refers to the ten vassals. God have not extended the period. It is said the beast will succeed to oppress the Christians (or the righteous) in the first half (three and a half years), and the tribulation comes at the second half then Christ returns.

3/ Is the covenant in force today?

It depends on whether today is within the 70th week.

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  • .Your mixture of Revelation with this specific prophecy about Jesus's confirmation of the New Covenant by His death in the middle of the week (after 31/2 years of ministry) does not follow. The correct interpretation is given by Jesus Himself: "This is the blood of the New Covenant which is poured out for the "many." (Matt. 26.28)
    – ray grant
    Commented Apr 28, 2023 at 21:48

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