One Temple cleansing or Two?
There were two Temple cleansing, the first one at the beginning of his ministry 30 C.E. and the second towards the last months of his ministry 33C.E.
John 2:10-17 (NET Bible)
10 And said to him, “Everyone[a] serves the good wine first, and then
the cheaper[b] wine when the guests[c] are drunk. You have kept the
good wine until now!” 11 Jesus did this as the first of his miraculous
signs, in Cana of Galilee. In this way he revealed[e] his glory, and
his disciples believed in him.
This is the First Cleansing of the Temple 30 C.E. which he did shortly after his wine miracle in Cana of Galilee.
12 After this, he went down to Capernaum[g] with his mother and
brothers and his disciples, and they stayed there a few days. 13 Now
the Jewish feast of Passover was near, so Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
14 He found in the temple courts those who were selling oxen and
sheep and doves, and the money changers sitting at tables.[l]
15 So he made a whip of cords[m] and drove them all out of the temple
courts,[n] with the sheep and the oxen. He scattered the coins of the
money changers[o] and overturned their tables. 16 To those who sold
the doves, he said, “Take these things away from here! Do not make[p]
my Father’s house a marketplace!”[q] 17 His disciples remembered that
it was written, “Zeal[r] for your house will devour me.”
Part of the Footnotes on Verse 2:13 John NET Bible.
John 2:13 tn Grk “the Passover of the Jews.” This is first of at least three (and possibly four) Passovers mentioned in John’s Gospel. If it is assumed that the Passovers appear in the Gospel in their chronological order (and following a date of a.d. 33 for the crucifixion), this would be the Passover of the spring of a.d. 30, the first of Jesus’ public ministry. There is a clear reference to another Passover in 6:4, and another still in 11:55; 12:1; 13:1; 18:28, 39, and 19:14. The latter would be the Passover of a.d. 33.
The Second Cleansing.
On Nisan 10, 33 C.E., Jesus cleansed the temple a second time. This occasion is described in the Gospels of Matthew 21:12, 13 , Mark 11:15-19, and Luke 19:45-48