King James Bible Psalm Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

King James Bible Psalm 42:7 Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.

  • Why would you think there is a connection ? Just the repeat of a word in scripture is a repeat of meaning, but one cannot assume a definite association of contexts.
    – Nigel J
    Jul 13 '20 at 21:42

The connection between Gen 1:2 and Ps 42:7 exists but is tenuous at best. I note the following:

  • There is no connection of context - each verse exists in a quite different context
  • Both verses share the word תְּהוֹם = "deep"
  • Both share the word עַל = "over"
  • Both mention, in different ways, water: Gen 1:2 has water (מַיִם); while Ps 42:7 has waterfalls, waves and billows.

At the same time, there are also differences between these two:

  • Gen 1:2 the mood is calm with an expectation of great things about to happen; Ps 42 depicts great turbulence of personal turmoil that the author seeks comfort from God.
  • Gen 1:2 the context is darkness and nothing much exists; Ps 42 depicts much action of the created world - day and night pass (V8), water falls over rocks, etc.
  • In Gen 1 the focus is the world; Ps 42 the focus is personal.
  • In Gen 1 it is God who speaks (and the world is gradually created over 6 days); In Ps 42:7 it is the "deep calling to the deep" that is speaking.

Therefore, while Gen 1:2 and Ps 42:7 share just two words, they appear to be significantly different passages for quite different purposes.

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