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According to the following passage

“And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David. And these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,” ‭‭2 Samuel‬ ‭5:13-14‬

David had a son named Nathan

According to Luke’s account of Mary’s lineage - through which Jesus was to be born - it goes back to David but not through Solomon

“the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon,” ‭‭Luke‬ ‭3:31-32‬

How does that play into the different promises made to David?

“then I will establish your royal throne over Israel forever, as I promised David your father, saying, ‘You shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel.’” ‭‭1 Kings‬ ‭9:5‬

Would this mean the promise was for David guaranteed and any of his descendants but not also true for Solomon?

And does it fulfill the prophetic awaited prophecy of the Messiah being from the Davidic lineage even if He was not from the line of Solomon and therefore all previous kings?

“There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.” ‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭11:1‬

And more explicitly

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.” ‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭9:6-7

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Luke's listing serves two purposes. Jewish genealogical practice was to list a father/son relationship, enabling Jesus's generations to be traced all the way back to Adam through Eve and Mary. Therefore, Luke documents that He is BOTH the "Son of man", and the highly esteemed "seed of the woman". Matthew's (partial) listing pertains to Jesus being the promised "seed of David" King of kings ONLY through Judah--not Benjamin--bypassing Jeconiah, as @WalterSmetana stated above. Neither have anything to do with the Levitical priesthood. Christ is NOT of Benjamin--King Saul was of Benjamin.

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I think you have answered your own questions.

Matthew vs Luke Genealogy

Clearly, Matthew traces Jesus' royal lineage through those entitled to sit on the throne of David. By contrast, Luke traces, not the royal lineage but a second, equally valid lineage that still ends up with David.

Now, some have suggested, (without much evidence) that Luke actually uses the Jesus' human lineage traced, as far as possible via a more priestly line. Certainly many of the names in Luke are more Levitical, but this cannot be confirmed. However, IF this is true, then it would confirm that Jesus is both King and Priest (humanly speaking) as per Melchizedek (Heb 7:1, 4).

In any case, it was a valid line by which to trace Jesus' ancestry to another son of David and strengthens Jesus' (human) linkage to David.

Royal Inheritance of David

The Davidic or Royal Covenant which God made with David (2 Sam 7, 23:5, 1 Kings 6:11, 12, 8:25, 1 Chron 17:11-14, 2 Chron 6:14-16, 7:17, 18, 13:5, Ps 132:11, 12, Eze 37:15-28) about the absolute permanence of the dynasty of David (2 Sam 23:5, 1 Kings 9:5, 2 Chron 13:5, Eze 37:25, 26) can be understood in one of two ways:

  1. The prophecies failed due to Judah's unfaithfulness and the royal line was terminated with the captivity. (It cannot be denied that this was at least partly true.)
  2. The Prophecies about the permanence of David's royal line were actually fulfilled in the Messiah as hinted at in Isa 9:6, but made fully explicit in the NT.

Jesus is the promised King of the new Christian Community, ie, the Kingdom of Heaven, or, Kingdom of God, Luke 1:33, John 1:49, Acts 13:23, Rev 11:15. Compare Jer 33:14-17, Eze 37:22. Thus, Jesus inherits the Davidic Royal Covenant. He is also the “Son of David” (Matt 1:1-16) and “Son of God” as predicted in the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam 7); and His kingdom will never be defeated and is eternal, Luke 1:33, Heb 1:8, Rev 11:15, compare Ps 61:7, Isa 9:7, Psa 146:10.

Further, Jesus is now seated on the eternal throne in heaven, at the right hand of the Father, Mark 14:62, 16:19, Eph 1:20, Col 3:1, Heb 1;13, 10:12, 1 Peter 3:22, Rev 5:1, etc. This is confirmed by observing the actual settings of the original OT Davidic covenant - the earthly king was to recognize that the real king of Israel was God. 1 Sam 8:7, 8, 24:6, 2 Sam 19:21, 1 Chron 28:5, 2 Chron 9:8, 13:8, Ps 5:2, 44:4. See also 1 Sam 12:14.

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There is another line of genealogy in Matthew 1

5 Salmon was the father of Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth,
Obed the father of Jesse,
6and Jesse the father of David the king.
Next:
David was the father of Solomon by Uriah’s wife,
7 Solomon the father of Rehoboam,
Rehoboam the father of Abijah,
and Abijah the father of Asa.

Both lines trace back to David. If one is not satisfied with one line, he can always use the other line. The important point is David. He is root key in the family tree of the throne of David.

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  • That’s not the question and that’s not how the Bible works. One does not pick and choose what fits for if you were to take the lineage in Matthew you will find Jeconiah, who was cursed in Jeremiah 22 preventing Jesus on Joseph’s side from being king (if indeed Joseph was His father). That is another question for another time. – Nihil Sine Deo Jul 9 '20 at 19:22
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    Mr Tony appears to have been unaware of the Jeconiah curse. Our Lord would have been disqualified from the throne of David had He been born from Joseph. Instead He was adopted by Joseph, so to speak. Christ through His biological mom Mary, is biologic descendant of David (but not Jeconiah) and hence entitled/permitted to the throne. The gospel of Luke, matching the "face of a man," in particular shows Jesus is genuine man. Matthew, matching the "face of a lion," emphasizes He is king, and hence the genealogy of His adopted dad Joseph from all the kings. There's no rule of Unbroken Succession – Walter S Jul 9 '20 at 23:21
  • Thanks for the info. – Tony Chan Jul 9 '20 at 23:57
  • @WalterSmetana there is a chance there were two Jeconiahs, one being the son of Josiah and one the grandson. The grandson was cursed but Joseph’s lineage seems to go through the son not the grandson – Nihil Sine Deo Jul 10 '20 at 12:39

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