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Psalm 45:6 of the American King James Version says, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a right scepter.

Did the writer of this verse think that the human king to which this verse was addressed was Almighty God?

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  • See also Psalm 82:6 and 1 Chronicles 29:20.
    – Lucian
    Jun 18 '20 at 3:17
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The Hebrew of Ps 45:6 says:

כִּסְאֲךָ֣ אֱ֭לֹהִים עֹולָ֣ם וָעֶ֑ד שֵׁ֥בֶט מִ֝ישֹׁ֗ר שֵׁ֣בֶט מַלְכוּתֶֽךָ׃

A reasonable translation is provided by BSB:

Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever, and justice is the scepter of Your kingdom.

Note that the second word in the Hebrew is אֱ֭לֹהִים (Elohim = God). All the versions I consulted, including the KJV also translate this word as "God".

Therefore, I expect that the Sons of Korah did not write this to a human king but the great King of the Universe (v2) of whom the earthly king of Israel and Judah were only symbols and deputies; or, more likely, Ps 45:6 changes key and swings to an anthem to praise the king of heaven. either way, it does not matter - Hebrews quotes this in Heb 1 as an anthem of praise to the Father and Jesus.

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Did the writer of Psalm 45:6 think that the human king to which this verse was addressed was Almighty God?

Psalm 45 is a hymn in praise of the king of Israel. He is described as shooting arrows, girded with a sword, he rides on victoriously, for the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness. The Psalm leaves no doubt that the life described here is of a human king, it is quoted as if it is about Jesus, The Messiah.

Grace is poured upon Your lips.

Psalm 45:2 "You are fairer than the sons of men; Grace is poured [g]upon Your lips; Therefore God has blessed You forever."

Jesus used gracious words when he preached the Good News of the kingdom of God.

Luke 4:22 (NASB)

22 And all were [a]speaking well of Him, and wondering at the gracious words which were falling from His lips; and they were saying, “Is this not Joseph’s son?”

God instructs his king to gird his sword on his thigh and to ride in the cause of truth and righteousness.

Psalm 45:3-4 NASB Gird Your sword on Your thigh, O [h]Mighty One, In Your splendor and Your majesty! 4 And in Your majesty ride on victoriously, For the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness;

The King is mounted on a white horse and his arrows are sharp that pierce people hearts, making people fall under him.

Psalm 45:5 NASB. Your arrows are sharp; The peoples fall under You; Your arrows are in the heart of the King’s enemies.

Revelation 6:2 (NASB)

2 I looked, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.

Conclusion.

The King elevated above his companions.

The Psalm continues Vs 45:6 "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 7 You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of joy above Your fellows.

Jesus was anointed "With the oil of joy above "Your fellows" (part of Vs7) . The expression "Your fellows" are the kings of Judah from the line of David.

Psalm 2:2 NASB. The kings of the earth take their stand And the rulers take counsel together Against the Lord and against His Anointed, saying,

The psalm is about what God has done for the person spoken, Jesus the Messiah

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