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When David was old and Adonijah his son proclaimed himself King, Nathan the Prophet rushed to Bathsheba and gave her wisdom to go in to the King and save her life and the life of her son Solomon – and David sware by the Lord that delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, Our GOD, he would make Solomon KING.

In that day, he commanded Benaiah son of Jehoidah, Nathan the Prophet and Zadok the Priest to cause Solomon to ride on his own mule, take him to Gihon and anoint him KING. And Solomon sat on the Throne of His Father David at the tender age of 12.

Tell me, why did God choose Solomon over all the sons of David, not then but on the DAY He was born – remember right after Solomon was born the Bible says The LORD loved him and sent Nathan to give him the name Jedidiah. What might this mean to us today?

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    In order to establish your query, could you please cite the chapter and verses to which you are referring and possibly actually quote the wording so that we can see what we are to analyse. Thank you. Welcome to BH. – Nigel J Jun 14 '20 at 16:31
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    @NigelJ The passage in question is 2 Sam 12:24-25. A retelling passage is in 1 Chron 22:9-10 which 1) removes the Nathan & Jedidiah reference, 2) more explicit about how God will fulfill His covenant to David through Solomon and 3) told in the context of who shall build the temple. – GratefulDisciple Mar 12 at 14:53
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Tell me, why did God choose Solomon over all the sons of David, not then but on the DAY He was born – remember right after Solomon was born the Bible says The LORD loved him and sent Nathan to give him the name Jedidiah. What might this mean to us today?

To me, it means there is hope for everyone today. God would use sinful people to achieve his purposes.

Matthew 1:

This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham:
Abraham was the father of Isaac,
...
David was the father of Solomon, whose mother had been Uriah’s wife,
...
and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah.

David committed adultery with Bathsheba, Uriah's wife. Yet, Jesus traced his ancestry to Bathsheba. It is the grace of God that He loved Solomon over all the other legitimate sons of David.

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Why did God choose Solomon over all the more legitimate sons of David even before he was born. What might this mean to us today?

First, let's review the Biblical data on the choice of Solomon:

  • 2 Sam 12:24-25 the passage is right after God killed Solomon's older sibling, the fruit of David's adultery with Bathsheba while her first husband was still living.

    Solomon's Birth

    ²⁴ Then David comforted his wife, Bathsheba, and went in to her and lay with her, and she bore a son, and he called his name Solomon. And the Lord loved him ²⁵ and sent a message by Nathan the prophet. So he called his name Jedidiah, because of the Lord.

  • 1 Chron 22:9-10 which 1) removes the Nathan & Jedidiah reference, 2) more explicit about how God will fulfill His covenant to David through Solomon and 3) told in the context of who shall build the temple:

    ⁹ Behold, a son shall be born to you who shall be a man of rest. I will give him rest from all his surrounding enemies. For his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quiet to Israel in his days. ¹⁰ He shall build a house for my name. He shall be my son, and I will be his father, and I will establish his royal throne in Israel forever.’

  • Matt 1:6b in the genealogy of Jesus. Notice the annotation "by the wife of Uriah" (the Bible does not push sin under the carpet!):

    And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah

Answer: The Bible does not give us the explicit reason on why God decided to fulfill His covenant with David through Solomon, other than suggesting that God disregards common legitimacy criteria that human societies use to choose a king. This is clear when He providentially chose a line of ancestors culminating in Jesus (the eternal King of Israel promised to David):

  • God bypassed the first born of many other ancestors of Jesus: Jacob over Esau, Judah over Reuben, David over one of his 6 (or 7) elder brothers.

  • God overlooked (by forgiving?) the immorality of several ancestors of Jesus:

    • how Tamar (mother of Perez) tricked her father in law Judah into sleeping with her (Gen 38)
    • how Rahab the prostitute who saved the spies was granted the honor to be included in the lineage
    • how Solomon's mother became David's wife after her first husband was conveniently eliminated
  • God included a mother of non-Israelite origin as Jesus's ancestor: Ruth, the great grandmother of David, was a Moabite, whose founder was Moab, a son of Lot through incest(!). Furthermore, Lot was Abraham's nephew, so not technically the children of the promise (through Isaac & Jacob).

  • God's faithfulness is shining throughout the history of sinful kings of Judah, attested by a common refrain in the book of Kings such as 1 Kings 15:4:

    Nevertheless, for David's sake the Lord his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem, setting up his son after him, and establishing Jerusalem.

What is clear from the above examination of Jesus's ancestors:

  • God asserted fiercely His independence from all human planning
  • God overlooked ancestors's sins even when the Bible is silent on whether they repented

What might this mean to us today?

  1. God is faithful to those in covenant with Him: a great hope for us who is in the new covenant with Jesus, that God will fulfill His promise to us just as He did to David
  2. God's way of fulfilling His promise is beyond human understanding: we can sometimes experience miraculous transformation of being cured of some deeply ingrained vice (like addiction)
  3. He can make something good out of the consequences of our sin: sometimes (not always!, since it's not part of the promise) we can be surprised how out of the mess we are in God can redeem it into a blessing for us or for others
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'Hate' is often/usually used in the sense of 'loved less' as in Jacob/Esau, Rachel & Leah, etc. It's also interesting to see how Jehovah reads hearts in the case of Jacob & Esau Romans 9:11-13. One of them was going to be ancestor to the Messiah. Jehovah was careful of that line of descent.

I thought Solomon became king at around 25. As I understand it Shimei, died about 3 years after Solomon took the throne. Solomon was acting very decisively from the get-go, and I'd be highly surprised if he was only 12. How did you arrive at that age?

My available translations don't mention a promise to Solomon on the day he was born, but Solomon was clearly intended for the throne from before his birth, because God told David that Solomon would build the Temple. Jehovah thus made clear that Solomon (meaning peace) would be the next king. Both God and Jesus Christ can read hearts. David had been a man of (Necessary) wars, and it was fitting for a spiritual man of peace to build the Temple. It also showed that Bathsheba's marriage to David was not cursed in any way.

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