There are two different words used in the Gospel of John for anatomy of the front of the body. My question is about the first, "κόλπος," used in two places. Should it be translated "lap" instead of "bosom?"
John 1:18 (KJV), "No man hath seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom (κόλπον) of the Father, he hath declared him."
John 13:23 (KJV), "Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom (κόλπῳ) one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved."
Here I read a symmetry to say that the beloved disciple would reveal Jesus as the witness of the gospel, just as Jesus makes the Father known. But then there is a second word when Peter asks the Beloved Disciple to ask Jesus who will betray him.
John 13:25 (KJV), "He then lying on Jesus' breast (στῆθος) saith unto him, Lord, who is it?"
Here, there is a different word of anatomy. This word is clearly "chest/breast." It seems to indicate that the beloved disciple moved to this piece of anatomy (his chest) and whispered into Christ's ear "who is it?" I say whispered, because two verses later, in Jn 13:28, it is made clear that nobody at the table knew that Jesus had indicated his betrayer.
My question is this: Should the first word, κόλπος, be translated as lap? Why is it not?
The etymology of this word, according to the wiktionary lexicon entry, seems to involve a curve of the body (e.g. the lap). If so, what is the significance of laying on the lap of God or on the lap of Jesus?
For me, my mind has gone to Caleb (companion of Joshua - Jesus' namesake) in the Torah story of the promised land. Caleb "utterly followed" the Lord according to Deuteronomy 1:36 & Numbers 14:24. Caleb's name is the Hebrew word for dog, perhaps narratively, for exactly this reason (utter obedience to a master). Is the author of the gospel trying to draw this parallel by showing the beloved disciple reclined in the lap of Jesus like a beloved "lap dog" would? I know that sounds repugnant, but perhaps that is exactly an indication of how far we have drifted from the meaning of the Torah?
I'm thinking of these two verse:
Numbers 32:11-12, "‘Surely none of the people who came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land that I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, because they have not unreservedly followed me— 12 none except Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua son of Nun, for they have unreservedly followed the Lord.’"
John 5:19 (amongst others), "Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing on his own, but only what he sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, the Son does likewise.
The disciple whom Jesus loved, in John 21:20, is also shown to be following Christ (Jesus has to yell twice at Peter to "follow me!").