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Joshua 10:13

And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

2 Samuel 1:18

(Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

Both these passages refer to the book of Jasher. What book is that? Is it found in the bible?

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The book of Jasher, or "the book of the righteous", was probably a collection of poems / odes in praise of certain heroes. This has been justly inferred by the two references given.

It didn't arrive to us but it was known by the authors of Joshua and 2 Samuel, as you reference.

Some suppose the book to have perished in captivity.

References

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  • Do you have any supporting reference for the book being a collection of poems? Mar 12, 2021 at 23:36
  • @GratefulDisciple done! Mar 13, 2021 at 7:15
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    Thanks. Another Bible dictionary I consulted said the LXX version of 1 King 8:12-13 has a 3rd reference to the book "The Lord has made known the sun in heaven, He spoke to those dwelling in deep darkness: ‘Build my house, an extraordinary house for yourself in which to dwell in newness. Look, is this not written in the Book of the Song?’ In Hebrew, the first two letters of the word “song” (שִׁיר, shir) can be transposed to read Jashar (יָּשָׁר, yashar). This has led to the suggestion that Book of the Song is the correct name for the Book of Jashar. Mar 13, 2021 at 14:47
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The book of Jasher was an older name of the book that contained both these verses.

The bible has been added to and rearranged from the beginning.

Genesis 5:1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;

This marks the start of the book of the generations of Adam. This then became part of the book of Genesis, which Jesus refers to as the beginning.

I Chronicles 29:29 Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer,

These references are to the books of Samuel. I Samuel covers the life of Samuel. II Samuel was mostly written by Nathan and Gad, David's prophet after Samuel.

It is possible that at the time of writing of I Chronicles, there was a rearrangement of books, resulting in these references to where the writings can now be found.

At some point the book of Samuel the seer, the book of Nathan the prophet, and the book of Gad seer were separate. These then became gathered into the book of Samuel in the Hebrew bible, and split into two in the Authorised Version.

There are different changes:

  • A new writer adding to an existing book.
  • A writer starting a new book.
  • A longer book split apart into shorter ones.
  • Multiple books are gathered together into one.
  • Books are rearranged.

Distinctions and subdistinctions may remain within books, as they do in the bible today.

Joshua 10:13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.

Jasher is referring to an old name for writings of Joshua, which then was added to after his death.

2 Samuel 1:18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

This again refers to the book it's written in, which has later been split into separate books possibly at the time I Chronicles was completed.

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I think its the book of Hosea. Hosea was the original name of Joshua

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Jasher_(biblical_references)

https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?strongs=H1954

https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?strongs=H3091

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  • Where do you see either of those topics mentioned in the book of Hosea?
    – curiousdannii
    May 22, 2020 at 7:18
  • Jasher and Hosea are quite different names with quite different meanings. Not related!
    – Dottard
    May 22, 2020 at 8:38

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