Is this a "side remark, or an axiomatic Major Premise?

What impacts & implications does it have for hermeneutic?

John 10:35b,

"—and Scripture cannot be broken"(ESV)(και ου δύναται λυθήναι η γραφή)


I am not really sure what direction you are wanting this to go, but yes, this is a parenthetical statement. The implications this has for hermeneutics is that scripture is absolute in its meaning and it can never fail, it can never be overturned, overpowered, or destroyed. All scripture is the product of the mind of God with no human contribution to its content and therefore, scripture will mean only what God intends for it to mean; anything else is a perversion. This also means that revealed symbols can only be defined by scripture, never by human rational interpretation.

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  • Does this word of Jesus address to academies and churches over the major theological-fallacies on Soteriology, namely OSAS vs. "Can Lose the Salvation? – Sam May 11 at 21:40
  • I would accept that as an axiom. – oldhermit May 12 at 0:48

"Scripture cannot be broken" -John 10:35b

Text: "—and Scripture cannot be broken"(ESV)(και ου δύναται λυθήναι η γραφή)

Q/A 1: Is this a "side remark, or an axiomatic Major Premise?

It is a short and parenthetical, nonetheless incredibly significant statement from the lips of Jesus. It is axiomatic with all-time significance, and Jesus, with this one sweeping statement answers to all the arguments against the unity, authority, and the inerrancy of Scripture.** Jesus said it all -"Scripture cannot be broken!"

Q/A 2: What impacts & implications does it have for hermeneutic?

My Notes:

V 35: "If he called them gods to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be broken" (ESV)

  • "The Word of God" means the word proceeded from God, though it may have come human chanel, nonetheless not from man.

  • the Scripture (ἡ γραφή) has a specific significance. It denotes Divine words "which has been written." Of the many things God has said, but by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit only what need to be set down were written for us.

    e.g. John 16: 12 -I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.

       John 20:30 -Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, 
            which are not written in this book.
       Revelation 10: 4“Seal up what the seven thunders have said, and do not write it 
  • cannot(=cannot possibly οὐ δύναται) with οὐ-negative absolute and affirmative, means a strong negative.

  • break(λυθῆναι) -λύω loose, untie, set free, destroy, break up, abolish. It also has a theological significance denoting it is the act of those were appointed and placed in holy office to communicate the Word of God, but not to tamper with it, such "practice" is not acknowledged in Heaven. cf. Matt. 16:19; 18:18 -"what ever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven."

To Sum up:

a.Jesus says, "the Scripture cannot possibly be broken."

Every word of God written in the Scripture stands immutable and indestructible in its eternal verity. No word of it be dissolved by any human authority. Scripture will not be affected by criticism or denial of theological.

b. Warnings against "breaking the Scripture"

  • You shall not add to the word that I command you, nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of the LORD your God that I command you.(Deut. 4:2)

  • I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.(Rev. 22: 18-19)

c. Major "Breakings" in the Bible & Church history: and some lessons to learn. (selection mine)

(1). Genesis 3:1- 6 (The first and the original "breaking of the Word of God," resulting a devastation to "cosmos" & humanity and costing God dearly)

-The serpent to the Eve,

“Did God actually say ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” .. “You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

(2) Mark 7:8-14: (Jesus calls their acts of disregard & breaking the Scripture is from devil (John 8:44) -You are of your father the devil)

-"You leave the commandment of God and hold to the tradition of men.” “You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to establish your tradition! ... ‘Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.

.."But you say, ‘If a man tells his father or his mother, “Whatever you would have gained from me is Corban”’ (that is given to God) then you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or mother, thus making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And many such things you do.”

Parable of Tenant of vineyard (Matt. 21:33-43) reflects the Jesus' assessment of the such mindset of the Jewish establishment is rebellious.

(3) Cessation of Charismata: *(One of the most damaging case of "breaking of the Scripture" done by Hermeneutical/Theological fallacy, against the Jesus' words in Acts 1:4-5, 8, and against the empowerment promised to Church for carrying out the Great Commandment -Mark 16:15 -18).

This doctrine of "creationism" is one major "breaking the Word" in the Church history by various proponents, such as:

  • The miraculous gifts have indeed ceased in the mainstream church and evangelized areas, but appear in un-reached areas as an aid to spreading the Gospel (Luther and Calvin,though they were somewhat inconsistent in this position);

  • The "sign gifts" such as prophecy, healing and speaking in tongues ceased with the apostles and the finishing of the canon of Scripture (Richard Gaffin, John F. MacArthur and Daniel B. Wallace);

  • No true miracles performed by God today.( B. B. Warfield, J. Gresham Machen, F.N. Lee.)

Note: They admit, they have NO clear textual support, except implied (Heb. 2:3-4; Gal 3:5;1 Cor. 13:10), and circumstantial evidence of church history - all the gifts weaned out with the Apostolic ages. (ref. Counterfeit Miracles-BB Warfield; Charismatic chaos -John McArthur)

(4) Figure of Speech confusion: Parables & other figure of speeches of prescriptive are being treated as hyperbole or exaggeration, and being generalized as a "persuasion" thus depreciate the consequence parts. - e.g. Parables of "Sower; Unfruitful vine branch, Matt. 5:30 (if your right arm...),

(5) Exegetical fallacies of- "False presupposition"; "Denominational theological/doctrinal presuppositions"; "Argument from Authority," etc.

Jesus said: **"The Scripture Cannot be Broken!**

James 3: 1-2 - "Not many of you should become teachers, my brothers, for you know that 
                we who teach will be judged with greater strictness. For we all stumble 
                in many ways. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, he is a 
                perfect man, able also to bridle his whole body."
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