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Isaiah 9:6 YLT: For a Child hath been born to us, A Son hath been given to us, And the princely power is on his shoulder, And He doth call his name Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Father of Eternity, Prince of Peace.

For a child has been[a] born to us, a son has been given to us. He shoulders responsibility and is called Wonderful Adviser, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. (NIV)

But most English versions call him "Eternal Father" like the ESV,

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace (ESV)

Is not God the Father of eternity and isn't that a title that only God can bear?

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That's correct. Everlasting Father is a title that only God can bear. However, since in the Trinitarian understanding Jesus's essence is the same as that of God the Father, Jesus can also bear the title.

This Gospel Coalition article How Can Jesus Be Our Everlasting Father gives 3 answers to the question "How can Jesus the Messiah, the second person of the Godhead, be called Everlasting Father?"

  1. Isaiah is not confusing Jesus the Messiah with the first person of the Trinity.

    ... It’s unlikely Isaiah has the Trinity in mind at all when he says the Messiah will be called Everlasting Father. It’s not the Messiah’s role within the Godhead, but the Messiah’s character toward us that Isaiah has in mind. ...

  2. Isaiah is highlighting the divine nature of the Messiah.

    ... More than any other author, Isaiah loves to speak of eternity. ... Isaiah is speaking of a child who will be born some 700 years in the future—yet he makes clear that this child is the author of eternity, the “father of time”! This truly boggles the mind.

  3. Jesus the Messiah is the only one who can reveal God’s fatherly character to us, for he is one in nature and essence with the Father.

    Isaiah couldn’t have fully seen the light of glory that shone from Jesus when he dwelt among us. But from Jesus’s own lips, words such as these were spoken:

    • I and the Father are one . . . know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father. (John 10:30, 38)
    • Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, “Show us the Father”? Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? (John 14:9–10a)

    If you want to know what God is like, look at Jesus. Jesus is the perfect image of God, and the exact representation of his being. Jesus alone makes the Father known. Indeed, no one can come to the Father except through him (John 14:6).

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  • Good answer - (+1) – Dottard May 5 at 21:44
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Why is Jesus called the “Father of eternity”?

Isaiah 9:6 King James Version (KJV)

6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

The title "Father Eternity " refers to Jesus Christ whom God granted "All authority in heaven and on earth. (Mat 28:18 NASB) This authority includes the resurrection of the dead.

John 5:28-29 (NASB)

28 "Do not marvel at this; for an hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs will hear His voice, 29 and will come forth; those who did the good deeds to a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil deeds to a resurrection of judgment."

John 11:25-26(KJV)

25 "Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: 26 And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

The Judgment. Recommend reading. (Matthew 25:31-46 NASB)

By means of this authority (Mat. 28:18) granted to him by God his Father, Jesus has the power to give humans the prospect of eternal life on earth.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+25%3A31-46&version=NASB;NET

31 “But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne. 32 All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; 33 and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left. (Mat. 25:31-33) 46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life (NASB)

The legacy of our first parent, Adam, was death. Jesus, the last Adam, "became a life-giving spirit."

1 Corinthians 15:45 (NASB) " So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit."

1 Corinthians 15:22 (KJV) " For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

Romans 6:9 (NASB) "Knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, [a]is never to die again; death no longer is master over Him."

Just as Jesus, the Eternal Father, will live forever, so obedient mankind will enjoy the benefits of his fatherhood eternally.​Jesus will also apply his God-given authority to bring back to life many who have died.​ John 11:25-26

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  • Sure sounds to me like you are saying, "when thou (mankind) shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he (the arm of the LORD in Isaiah 53) shall see his seed, (His offspring as sons of God) he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. So John 5:26 would be line upon line, precept upon precept: "For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself; And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man." – Bill Porter May 7 at 2:17
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From the NET Bible Notes:

This title must not be taken in an anachronistic Trinitarian sense. (To do so would be theologically problematic, for the “Son” is the messianic king and is distinct in his person from God the “Father.”) Rather, in its original context the title pictures the king as the protector of his people. For a similar use of “father” see Isa 22:21 and Job 29:16. This figurative, idiomatic use of “father” is not limited to the Bible. In a Phoenician inscription (ca. 850–800 B.C.) the ruler Kilamuwa declares: “To some I was a father, to others I was a mother.” In another inscription (ca. 800 B.C.) the ruler Azitawadda boasts that the god Baal made him “a father and a mother” to his people. (See ANET 499–500.) The use of “everlasting” might suggest the deity of the king (as the one who has total control over eternity), but Isaiah and his audience may have understood the term as royal hyperbole emphasizing the king’s long reign or enduring dynasty (for examples of such hyperbolic language used of the Davidic king, see 1 Kgs 1:31; Pss 21:4–6; 61:6–7; 72:5, 17).

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  • Hi Ryan and pleased to meet you. +1 – Ruminator May 13 at 14:12
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How is Jesus “Eternal Father” at Isaiah 9:6?

Having children is what makes Jesus a father.

(American Standard Version Hebrews 2:13) And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold, I and the children whom God hath given me.

Hebrews 2:13 quotes Isaiah 8:18 which is applied to the Messiah. This is very close in proximity to Isaiah 9:6 and is related.

(American Standard Version Isaiah 8:18) Behold, I and the children whom Jehovah hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of hosts, who dwelleth in mount Zion.

The children will live forever because of his death.

(American Standard Version Hebrews 2:14) Since then the children are sharers in flesh and blood, he also himself in like manner partook of the same; that through death he might bring to nought him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

(American Standard Version Romans 5:12) Therefore, as through one man [Adam] sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned:--

Paul calls Jesus the second and last Adam. (1 Co 15:45) Adam was the Father of the human race, but Jesus replaced him.

(American Standard Version1 Corinthians 15:22) For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.

Since these children receive eternal life by knowing the only true God and Jesus Christ, and he replaced Adam as our Father, he is our Eternal Father.

(American Standard Version John 17:3) And this is life eternal, that they should know thee the only true God, and him whom thou didst send, even Jesus Christ.

He is not his own Father. His Father is the one who gave him children. They are “father” in a different sense and for a different reason.

So, no. It's not a title of God at all.

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