Contradiction in the Bible “ Jesus ascend to Paradise the same day of the crucifixion”? Any clarification?
Did Jesus ascend to Paradise the same day of the crucifixion? The scriptures say, NO
There is no contradiction, contrary to common belief, and in harmony with the scriptures the comma should be placed after the word "today", note the rendering by Lamsa's Aramaic Peshitta NT
Lamsa's Aramaic Peshitta NT Luke 23:43
Jesus said to him, Truly I say to you today, you will be with me in
For example, Jesus said that he would die and be "in the heart of the earth", the grave for three days. Jesus was resurrected, not on the day that he died, but on the third day after his death, so it is evident that the criminal could not be with Jesus in Paradise on the same day that Jesus spoke to him.
John 3:13 (NASB)
13 "No one has ascended into heaven, but He who descended from heaven:
the Son of Man."
Matthew 12:40 (NASB)
40 "For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of
the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights
in the heart of the earth."
Also, the Bible states that Jesus was resurrected as “the firstfruits of those who [had]
fallen asleep in death” and that he ascended to heaven 40 days later.
1 Corinthians 15:20 (NASB)
20 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of
those who are asleep.
John 20:17 (NASB)
17 Jesus *said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet
ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I
ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”
Colossians 1:18 (NASB)
18 He is also head of the body, the church; and He is the beginning,
the firstborn from the dead so that He Himself will come to have first
place in everything.
Acts 1:1-3 (NASB)
1 The first account I [a]composed, Theophilus, about all that Jesus
began to do and teach, 2 until the day when He was taken up to heaven,
after He had [b]by the Holy Spirit given orders to the apostles whom
He had chosen. 3 To [c]these He also presented Himself alive after His
suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period
of forty days and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of
1/ On the night of his death Jesus made a covenant with his faithful disciples, "that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom", the evildoer did not have such a condition of faithfulness and was not included. (Luke 22: 28-30)
Luke 22:28-30 (NASB)
28 “You are those who have stood by Me in My trials; 29 and just as My
Father has granted Me a kingdom, I grant you 30 that you may eat and
drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging
the twelve tribes of Israel."
2/ Jesus in his conversation with Nicodemus, said to him that "unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God", the evildoer did not meet such a requirement. (John 3:3-5)
John 3:3-5 (NASB)
3/ Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you,
unless one is born [a]again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” 4
Nicodemus *said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? He
cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born, can
he?” 5 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born
of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
3/ Where are the dead? Adam’s "sin" had far-reaching consequences. By sinning, Adam lost for himself the prospect of living forever. Moreover, when Adam sinned, he lost perfection and pass on his imperfection and death to his descendants. God said to him: "dust your and to dust you shall return." and that is where the evildoer is, awaiting the promised resurrection, John 5:28-29 (Gen. 3:19, Compare Rev. 20:13, Eccl.9:10, Isaiah 26:19 )
Genesis 3:19 (NASB)
19 "By the sweat of your face You will eat bread, Till you return to
the ground Because from it you were taken; For you are dust, And to
dust you shall return.”
‘Truly I say to you today, you will be with me in Paradise.’ The promise was made on that day and it was to be fulfilled later. This is a characteristic of Oriental speech implying that the promise was made on a certain day and would surely be kept.” Therefore, the Greek phrase at Lu 23:43 may reflect a Semitic way of expressing emphasis. The Hebrew Scriptures provide numerous examples of the idiomatic usage of “today” in solemn expressions, such as promises and commands. (Deuteronomy 4:26; 6:6; 7:11; 8:1, 19; 30:15; Zechariah 9:12) The evidence presented above suggests that Jesus used the word “today” to call attention, not to the time of the criminal’s being in Paradise, but to the time at which the promise was being made.