2 Tim 4:10 King James Bible

For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

Clarke's commentary on this verse seems to see the phrase "This present world" as Having loved this present world, Αγαπησας τον νυν αιωνα Having preferred Judaism to Christianity; or having loved the Jews, and having sought their welfare in preference to that of the Gentiles.

The עולם הזה words olam hazzeh, which answer to the Greek τον νυν αιωνα, are generally to be understood as signifying, either the Jewish people, or the system of Judaism.

I have three questions

  1. What is the best understanding of the words "Having loved "?

  2. This "present world" would mean what?

  3. Can we say that Demas was lost or apostate?

  • It should be noted that 'world' in this place is (τον νυν αιωνα) 'age', a matter of the current temporal state of affairs within which humanity exists. Since the 'age' of the Jews was decidedly past (with the sufferings, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ) I would suggest that more or other is intended than departing the gospel and returning to Judaism. Demas 'loved' this present age.
    – Nigel J
    Apr 27, 2020 at 6:22
  • Am looking Forward to your answer @Nigel Apr 27, 2020 at 9:54

1 Answer 1


Don't love the world nor the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, love for the Father isn't in him. Because all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the vainglory of life, is not of the Father but is of the world was written by John the apostle, like all his writings, apparently near the end of his life and in the Gentile world. That use of the word "world" doesn't sound like it's talking about Judaism (like Paul might be in Gal 1:4, the "present evil age" maybe of Judaizing and law-keeping, as indicated by the different gospel, which is not another gospel, only there are some who trouble you and desire to pervert the gospel of Christ ). Rather: the secular, ordinary world catering to people's needs and wants.

"Demas" looks like a Gentile name, Paul's coworker, who very near the end of Paul's life, left him for "the world." 2 Timothy touches false teaching, but not Judaizing that I can see. I suppose Demas may have been influenced by it, but it seems Paul would have been more specific that that was Demas' problem.

"Having loved" in the past tense sounds like it's pointing to the cause that the brother left the apostle. Effectively equaling loving the world. I think "apostasy" means "falling away" (from where you were standing). So Demas fell away at that point. Whether he remained so, I don't know. I wouldn't apply the word "lost" because it seems that all its uses in the NT are about folks who need to encounter and receive Christ, whereas Demas already must have. Birth (Jn 1:12-13; 3) from God, just like physical birth, by definition cannot be lost. Once one's born of God, one's always born of Him (Heb 12). There are serious consequences though for wasting our time as believers, both in this age and the next (Mt 24--25). We (believers) will all stand before the judgment seat of God [who is Christ]...So then each one of us will give an account concerning himself to God Rm 14:10, 12; 2 Cor 5:10; 1 Jn 2:28; Philip 2:12; 3:12; Rv 11:18; 22:12; Mt 7:21-23; etc.

  • Very interesting thoughts Apr 27, 2020 at 0:29

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