Who are “my servants” in Isaiah 65: 13-15?
God's judgment against idolaters (65:1-12)
From verses 1-12 by means of his prophet Isaiah, God is reproving the nation of Israel (Vs 2) for spiritually abandoning him, being rebellious, offering sacrifices to idols, eating swine's flesh,(Unclean food Lev.11:7) worshipping the god of good fortune (Vs 11) and sitting in graves (unclean according to the Law Numb. 19:14-16)e.t.c.
Isaiah 65:1-5 (NASB)
A Rebellious people destined to the sword, God allows the Babylonians to destroy Jerusalem and the temple. (read Vs 11-12)
65 “I permitted Myself to be sought by those who did not ask for Me; I
permitted Myself to be found by those who did not seek Me. I said,
‘Here am I, here am I,’ To a nation which did not call on My name. 2
“I have spread out My hands all day long to a rebellious people, Who
walk in the way which is not good, [a]following their own thoughts, 3
A people who continually provoke Me to My face, Offering sacrifices in
gardens and burning incense on bricks; 4 Who sit among graves and
spend the night in secret places; Who eat swine’s flesh, And the broth
of unclean meat is in their pots. 5 “Who say, ‘Keep to yourself, do
not come near me, For I am holier than you!’ These are smoke in My
[b]nostrils, A fire that burns all the day.
In contrast, verse 13-25 the prophet speaks of the spiritual and material things that await those that sincerely worship God- called his servants. God will bless his servants and their hearts will be full of joy. Eating and drinking are terms that imply spiritual abundance that will satisfy his true worshippers in contrast to those that have abandoned him, "they will cry with a heavy heart, And you will wail with a broken spirit'" (Vs 14) Due to lack of spiritual food.
Isaiah 65:13-15 (NASB)
13 "Therefore, thus says the Lord [a]God, “Behold, My servants will
eat, but you will be hungry. Behold, My servants will drink, but you
will be thirsty. Behold, My servants will rejoice, but you will be put
to shame. 14 “Behold, My servants will shout joyfully with a glad
heart, But you will cry out with a heavy heart, And you will wail with
a broken spirit. 15 “You will leave your name for a curse to My chosen
ones, And the Lord [c]God will slay you. But [d]My servants will be
called by another name."
His Servants: Refers to the remnant of faithful Israelites whom God showed his mercy and restored them to Jerusalem from the Babylonian captivity. Verses 10,13-15 tell us of the blessings that await those faithful Israelites, under the governorship of Zerubbabel assisted by High Priest Joshua, helped re-establish true worship in Jerusalem. ( Ezra 5:1-2) The prophecy had its first fulfillment in the 6th B.C.E. and constituted the "new heavens and a new earth." (Vs17)
The fact that Apostle Peter reiterated Isaiah's prophesy shows that it also has a future fulfillment. The Apostle wrote: " But according to His promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells." (2 Peter 3:13 NASB)