Jeremiah 3:8-9 NIV

8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also.

9 And it came to pass through the lightness of her whoredom, that she defiled the land, and committed adultery with stones and with stocks.

Is it Israel or Judah who committed adultery with stones and with stocks?

  • your text is from KJV, not the NIV. – S. Broberg Mar 13 at 13:48

The subject of verse 9 is the northern kingdom of Israel. The NIV reads:

Because Israel's immorality mattered so little to her, she defiled the land and committed adultery with stone and wood. (NIV)

The NIV translators have inserted the word Israel to help the reader.

The NASB, a more literal translation remains closer to the Hebrew:

"Because of the lightness of her harlotry, she polluted the land and committed adultery with stones and trees.

The Hebrew reads "her harlotry" - זְנוּתָ֔הּ - the ה indicating 3rd person Fem. Sing.

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