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If Old Testament Judaism was a monotheistic religion, and Yahweh wanted to distinguish the Hebrews from their neighboring countries' polytheistic religions, why is His name אֱלוֹהִים (Elohim) plural?

אֱלוֹהִים (Elohim) is used "no less than 2,500 times" (Pohle-Preuss vol. 1 Part II, ch. 1, §1, §§1).

My question is more general than "In Genesis 20:13, why is elohim with a plural verb translated God rather than gods?" or "Why is Elohim translated as God rather than gods in Genesis 1:1?."

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  • אֱלוֹהִים is not a name. יהוה (Yahweh) is. – Der Übermensch Jan 1 '20 at 21:50
  • @DerÜbermensch What is it, then? – Geremia Jan 1 '20 at 21:59
  • אֱלוֹהִים is a common noun; it tells us what יהוה is. cf. Jos. 22:34: “Yahweh is the god.” – Der Übermensch Jan 1 '20 at 22:30
  • @DerÜbermensch Yes, יַהְוֶה (Yahweh) is His proper name. – Geremia Jan 1 '20 at 23:22
  • Actually "Why is Elohim translated as God rather than gods in Genesis 1:1?." answers this question quite well. – Mike Borden Jan 3 '20 at 12:47