In a previous post asking if the virgins were advised to remain awake, I gave the following answer stating that the advice was to have more oil, more faith, because "today if you hear God's voice, do not be like Israel" who wasted the opportunity to firmly plant His words in their heart so that it would edify, build up faith, to receive reward for obedience:
The teaching deals with the progress of salvation.
Messiah will usher in an age of the Kingdom. Those who have done well will share in his treasure and happiness. The criteria will be to overcome, obey the call. In order to overcome, we need faith, oil for our lamps. Oil is found by buying without money.
See if you can identify these elements in the following situation.
James sons of Zebedee and his brother John have believed that Jesus will save humanity from its futile living. In the age to come they could share not only in Messiah's happiness, but share in it richly, maybe sitting at His left or right. In order to do that, they must resurrect not only well, but resurrect extremely well, with the ex anastasis, resurrect with the out-resurrection. To do that they need to face and pass the extreme test, drink the cup Jesus drinks, be baptised with the baptism Jesus is baptised. They have already been baptised with water for repentance,and with the Holy Spirit for receiving gifts, bread from heaven, which led to faith, courage to pick up the cross daily, and ability to gather God's sheep, when people saw that God protected those who left selfish living, and turned to Him. To those who were given much, like those who obeyed and saw God's great works, even more was given. To those who were given little because of their attitude, even what they had was taken away from them.
The virgins who brought extra oil are these who had more given to them.
Similarly, we are taught to ask for more bread, signs, so that our faith grows, until we can even pass the extreme test and receive the ex-anastasis.
Bread, signs, are given to increase faith.
All the virgins received signs. Signs can increase faith like in Caleb, but those, who only think about themselves, have no love for those who have not seen God who are cowards like the rest of Israel, will find that their initial Fath will be taken way from them. It seems that some were also able to procure extra faith to last them for the wait.
There are three ways in which it can progress.
Believer received signs that has not increased his faith and therefore whatever he had was taken way from him.
Believer received signs that increased his faith and also had reserve for the journey.
Believer received signs that increased his faith and also had more given to him as reserve for the journey. *
Paul also wanted a better reward, a better resurrection :
Philippians 3:118More than that, I count all things to be loss in view of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them but rubbish so that I may gain Christ, 9and may be found in Him, not having a righteousness of my own derived from the Law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which comes from God on the basis of faith, 10that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death; 11in order that I may attain to the resurrection from the dead.
Every baptism results in a different phase of salvation, rescue, reward, fulfillment. Not all will have the opportunity to drink the last cup, the cup that Christ drank. That cup will result in a special resurrection, but the resurrection of sitting at Christ's side is reserved for God to give, by a yet to be known criteria.