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  1. What is the "good conscience" mentioned in 1 Timothy 1:5,19 ?

1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:

1 Timothy 1:19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:

  1. What is the opposite of a good conscience?

  2. How to get a good conscience?

  3. How can we lose a good conscience?

  4. What are the dangers of not having a good conscience?

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https://www.studylight.org/commentary/1-timothy/1-5.html

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And of a good conscience - A conscience free from guilt. Of course there can be no genuine love to God where the dictates of conscience are constantly violated, or where a man knows that he is continually doing wrong. If a man wishes to have the evidence of love to God, he must keep a good conscience. All pretended love, where a man knows that he is living in sin, is mere hypocrisy.

https://www.studylight.org/commentary/1-timothy/1-19.html

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Holding — Keeping hold of “faith” and “good conscience” (1 Timothy 1:5); not “putting the latter away” as “some.” Faith is like a very precious liquor; a good conscience is the clean, pure glass that contains it [Bengel]. The loss of good conscience entails the shipwreck of faith. Consciousness of sin (unrepented of and forgiven) kills the germ of faith in man [Wiesinger].

which — Greek singular, namely, “good conscience,” not “faith” also; however, the result of putting away good conscience is, one loses faith also.

put away — a willful act. They thrust it from them as a troublesome monitor. It reluctantly withdraws, extruded by force, when its owner is tired of its importunity, and is resolved to retain his sin at the cost of losing it. One cannot be on friendly terms with it and with sin at one and the same time.

made shipwreck — “with respect to THE faith.” Faith is the vessel in which they had professedly embarked, of which “good conscience” is the anchor. The ancient Church often used this image, comparing the course of faith to navigation. The Greek does not imply that one having once had faith makes shipwreck of it, but that they who put away good conscience “make shipwreck with respect to THE faith.”

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