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Luke 14:15 - When one of those who reclined at table with him heard these things, he said to him, “Blessed is everyone who will eat bread in the kingdom of God!"

What would have been his understanding of the "kingdom of God" as a jew of his time? Did he mean the new kingdom that the Messiah would bring?

  • This is a very broad question as it takes in the context of the parable (verses 7-11) the exhortation (verses 12-14) the man's statement (verse 15) and Jesus' response (verses 16-24). A consideration of less than that whole context would not do justice to the man's comment or its fundamental meaning. – Nigel J Sep 24 '19 at 14:08
  • I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because the questioner seems to have closed their account. – Nigel J Sep 24 '19 at 15:49
  • @OzzieNicolas I don't know how it can be kept open when the OP is 'not present' and cannot accept the answer. – Nigel J Sep 25 '19 at 1:47
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Judaism expects the Kingdom of God to be brought in by the Messiah:

http://www.jewfaq.org/mashiach.htm

What Will the Mashiach Do?

Before the time of the mashiach, there shall be war and suffering (Ezekiel 38:16) The mashiach will bring about the political and spiritual redemption of the Jewish people by bringing us back to Israel and restoring Jerusalem (Isaiah 11:11-12; Jeremiah 23:8; 30:3; Hosea 3:4-5). He will establish a government in Israel that will be the center of all world government, both for Jews and gentiles (Isaiah 2:2-4; 11:10; 42:1). He will rebuild the Temple and re-establish its worship (Jeremiah 33:18). He will restore the religious court system of Israel and establish Jewish law as the law of the land (Jeremiah 33:15).

Olam Ha-Ba: The Messianic Age

The world after the messiah comes is often referred to in Jewish literature as Olam Ha-Ba (oh-LAHM hah-BAH), the World to Come. This term can cause some confusion, because it is also used to refer to a spiritual afterlife. In English, we commonly use the term "messianic age" to refer specifically to the time of the messiah.

Olam Ha-Ba will be characterized by the peaceful co-existence of all people (Isaiah 2:4). Hatred, intolerance and war will cease to exist. Some authorities suggest that the laws of nature will change, so that predatory beasts will no longer seek prey and agriculture will bring forth supernatural abundance (Isaiah 11:6-11:9). Others, however, say that these statements are merely an allegory for peace and prosperity.

All of the Jewish people will return from their exile among the nations to their home in Israel (Isaiah 11:11-12; Jeremiah 23:8; 30:3; Hosea 3:4-5). The law of the Jubilee will be reinstated.

In the Olam Ha-Ba, the whole world will recognize the Jewish G-d as the only true G-d, and the Jewish religion as the only true religion (Isaiah 2:3; 11:10; Micah 4:2-3; Zechariah 14:9). There will be no murder, robbery, competition or jealousy. There will be no sin (Zephaniah 3:13). Sacrifices will continue to be brought in the Temple, but these will be limited to thanksgiving offerings, because there will be no further need for expiatory offerings.

So the speaker in Luke 14:15 was being skeptical about Jesus’s claims to be the Messiah, in the absence of these signs. But Jesus taught a different view of what the Kingdom of God would be. The victory was not over political foes, but spiritual ones:

John 3:3Jesus answered and said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

When Jesus tells Nicodemus that unless a person needed to be born again, they would not enter the kingdom of God, He was talking about a situation where a person would have access to union with God, so that even the demons submitted to them, apart from the ability to do other things that showed God's involvement, His finger. He and Nicodemus were talking about the same thing, only He called it the Kingdom of God:

John 3:1Now there was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews; 2this man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come from God as a teacher; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him.”

Luke 11:20"But if I cast out demons by the finger of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.

All Scripture from the NASB.

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Re Q What did the man in Luke 14:15 mean by the Kingdom of God. Working on the premise of the Kingdom of God being the same as Kingdom of heaven see Matthew 5:3 and it being an earthly kingdom see Daniel 2: 35b --" and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole EARTH (note). Then it will certainly be a blessing to be there .As it will be those who have found Grace in the eyes of the Lord. See GENESIS 6:8 "But Noah found Grace in the eyes of the Lord."Also Ephesians 2:8&9 So to answer the question simple-its an earthly kingdom.With a sit down meal here. They saw it as an earthly kingdom. He realised as stated in Matthew 5:5 Blessed are the meek: For they shall inherit the earth."

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