What I am not asking
I am not asking who the giants are, nor, who the sons of God are. Nor am I asking what the event was that marks the before and afterwards.
In view of this passage
“There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.” Genesis 6:4
Specifically surrounding the phrase “and also afterwards” וגם אחרי כן
Whatever the ‘afterwards’ is
Based on the Hebrew text grammar, who or what was before and also afterwards?
- Giants were before and afterwards
- sons of God laying with the daughters of men and having offspring were before and afterwards
Which of these is it, or is it another explanation from within the immediate passage or broader context?