And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: 21And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. 22And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. 23And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness. 24¶And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. 25And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. 26And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. 27God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. — Genesis 9:20-27

Some commentators have said that the "youngest son" is Canaan, based on the fact that Ham was not Noah's youngest son, and that the word "son" also means "grandson" in Hebrew, along with the fact that Canaan was punished, and not Ham. What is most probable based on the text?

Thank you.

  • Canaan is not a son of Noah but his Grandson from his son Ham, as per verse 22 above that you noted. The sons of Noah were Shem , Ham, and Japheth. (Genesis 5:32) You need to edit your question. – Ozzie Nicolas Aug 8 '19 at 19:42
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    Noah doesn't call Canaan his son, so I don't understand the point of this question?? – curiousdannii Aug 8 '19 at 22:36
  • @OzzieNicolas It's obvious based on the question that I am aware of this i assumed that everyone who read this question would know that Canaan was Noah's grandson. – CMK Aug 9 '19 at 20:03

And the sons of Noah were Shem, Ham and Japheth. Genesis 9:18

And Ham saw. . . and told . . . Genesis 9:22

And Noah awoke and knew what his younger son [Ham] had done. Genesis 9:24

And [Noah] said Cursed be Canaan. Genesis 9:25

It was Ham, the younger son of Noah, who transgressed. Noah does not even mention Ham's name. He curses Ham's son for the transgression of his father, Ham.

The idea of 'son' not meaning 'son' and meaning 'grandson' is completely irrelevant.

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