Romans 13:1 is translated into English as "there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God."
According to my NIV Greek Interlinear, the English word 'established' occurs eight times in the New Testament:
To arrange, to set, appoint, in a certain situation, Luke 7:8; Romans 13:1;
The Greek word can also mean to set, devote, to a pursuit (1 Corinthians 16:15); to dispose, frame, for an object (Act 13:48); to arrange, appoint, place or time (Martthew 28:16; Acts 28:23); to allot, assign (Acts 22:10); to settle, decide (Acts 15:2).
I've been asked if the use of the English word 'established' in Romans 13:1 means that God must have taken deliberate action to arrange for authorities to come to power (evil as well as benign) as opposed to simply just allowing things to happen.
What is the proper meaning behind the Greek word translated into English as 'established' in Romans 13:1?