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Isaiah 66:23

23 “And it shall be from new moon to new moon And from sabbath to sabbath, All [m]mankind will come to bow down before Me,” says the Lord.

Does this mean that mankind will come and worship before God on the Sabbath days only or he will be worshiped continuously from one Sabbath to another

How to understand the above text?

  • The use of "sabbath" in the Old Testament doesn't only refer to Saturday, but special days of rest (sabbathoth), or feasts and other holy days. For example, the Day of Atonement is a "sabbath" or feast or holy day (Leviticus 16). – Sola Gratia Jul 16 '19 at 12:35
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Your latter interpretive option is the most reasonable in my opinion. It could mean from month to month and week to week or month to month and year to year depending on if sabbath in this context is weekly or yearly. With either option all days of the week of the year would be covered.

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  • Since the text states that both options are in view (and that continually) your argument is stronger than you have actually stated. I suggest an edit. – Nigel J Jul 16 '19 at 17:35
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    I completely agree with @NigelJ. This is a good answer. – user25930 Jul 16 '19 at 22:20
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“And it shall be from new moon to new moon And from sabbath to sabbath, All mankind will come to bow down before Me,” says the Lord.

Though currently not explicitly defined as holy days, new moons are important for determining when the annual holy days occur. ("on the seventh day of the month" etc.).

This verse is describing life during the Millennium. It won't be only Israel that celebrates God's holy days, but all of mankind. On every weekly sabbath and at every new moon, people will gather to worship God.

Weekly sabbaths are an obvious example of days that are holy to God (the fourth commandment), while a specific instance of an annual holy day is described explicitly in Zechariah 14:16:

And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.

Notice the "from year to year" expression. Like "from new moon to new moon" and "from sabbath to sabbath" it means every occurrence, not continuously all year long. and

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  • There is no mention of, or allusion to, a thousand year period in the text. – Nigel J Jul 16 '19 at 17:33
  • @Nigel, nor is there any mention a few verses earlier that "And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives" refers to Jesus. Isaiah and Zechariah are talking about the Day of the Lord and the period following it, which Christians usually interpret as the beginning of the Millennium. – Ray Butterworth Jul 16 '19 at 18:38
  • @Nigel, is your objection simply to the word "Millennium"? Would using terms like "Paradise", "Kingdom of God on Earth", or "HaOlam HaBa" be acceptable? – Ray Butterworth Jul 18 '19 at 14:33
  • Thx for bringing up the yearly Jerusalem journey to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. I wonder if the big picture is that: on new-moon and sabbaths days "All mankind will come to bow down before Me", at their local worship place, and once every year they will travel to Jerusalem to worship God there. – Constantthin Jul 27 '19 at 2:20

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