"No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him". E.S.V.

The verb ἑλκύσῃ (helkysē) [from the root ἑλκω (helkó)] is translated "draws". Does drawing something guarantee a positive result, i.e. that the drawn thing actually moves?

In John 21:6 they intended to helkysai the net but it would not move. Or, suppose a rope is put round the neck of a stubborn mule, and the Jews have just been described [John 6:43] as people who grumble, [complain rather than comply],then here too pulling/drawing may produce no positive effect. The thing drawn does not necessarily move.

At this point we could broaden out to consider under what conditions of grace drawing might produce a positive result. But again, does helkyse imply anything more than a pull or intention which may or may not produce something? Acts 16:19 shows us that heilkysan can be an act of force, but that by itself does not prove that it always is. In common parlance we can feel drawn to do various things [eat something not good for us] which we do not end up doing. How should we see "draw"?

  • Without 'drawing' there is no 'coming'. So it is, in essence, effectual. I cannot see a real question, here, myself. – Nigel J Jun 13 '19 at 23:02
  • @Nigel Many are called[drawn] but few are chosen[given the grace to respond to being drawn], if this is true then there cannot be coming without drawing, but there can be drawing without coming. – C. Stroud Jun 14 '19 at 12:13
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    'Called' in Matthew 22:14 is κλητοί Strong 2822. 'Drawn' in John 6:44 is ἑλκύσῃ Strong 1670. They are different Greek words with different meanings. – Nigel J Jun 14 '19 at 15:32
  • @ Nigel In John 21v6 I mistook the intention for the act. The net might have been pulled but was not drawn. – C. Stroud Jun 15 '19 at 11:09
  • You drew me in to this question, because you sent the son of man. Good bye. – Decrypted Jun 17 '19 at 20:17

Meaning of the verb ἑλκω (helkó)

BDAG gives three meanings for this verb as follows:

  1. to move an object from one area to another in a pulling motion, draw, with the implication that the object being moved is incapable of propelling itself or in the case of a person is unwilling to do so voluntarily. Eg, John 18:10, Acts 21:30, 16:19, etc.
  2. to draw a person in the direction of values for inner life, draw, attract. Eg, John 6:44.
  3. to appear to be pulled in a certain direction, flow. [This meaning not used in the NT but is part of the spectrum of meaning for the word.]

It is obvious that God does this via the means of His Spirit working on the hearts of mankind such as in 1 Thess 5:19, Eph 4:30, Phil 2:13, Rom 2:44, etc.

Can this drawing be resisted?

There are numerous examples in the NT of people electing to resist the drawing of God, one of which is quoted by the OP in John 21:6. Here are more examples:

  • John 12:32 says that when Jesus is lifted up He will draw all people to Himself. Clearly, not everyone is actually attracted to Jesus and so many have resisted the drawing of Jesus.
  • Acts 7:51 describes the frustration of Stephen when he states that the Jews were always resisting the Holy Spirit.
  • 1 Thess 5:19 says not to quench (ie, resist) the Holy Spirit
  • Eph 4:30 says not to grieve (ie, resist) the Holy Spirit
  • 1 Tim 6:10 describes some who allow the lure of money to be greater than the drawing of Jesus and His faith.
  • 2 Peter 2:21 also describes some who once knew the way of righteousness but have abandoned the faith and thus resist the drawing of Jesus via His Spirit.
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  • John 12:32 states παντας ελκυσω προς εμαυτον - will draw all unto me. 'All' does not necessarily mean 'all men'. The 'all' is the totality of a certain group of individuals. – Nigel J Jun 14 '19 at 15:36
  • That is true - and who composes this "certain group of individuals"? and how can this be deduced from the text itself in John 12:32? – user25930 Jun 14 '19 at 19:25
  • Well that is within the mystery of Divinity, ordained before the foundation of the world, I would say. – Nigel J Jun 14 '19 at 23:01
  • That is not in the text at hand - that is only true if Calvin's doctrine of divine election is true which I would question. I think the text means simply what it says - all men on earth. – user25930 Jun 15 '19 at 6:34
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    The words were certainly used by Jesus but Calvin introduced the doctrine of Unconditional election, Limited atonement, and Irresistible grace which I struggle to find in the Bible. – user25930 Jun 15 '19 at 11:47

"helkysē" by itself does not guarantee any good or bad. When combined with other words and given a context then there is more to work with to try and work out the meaning.

It's like having a human tooth which is a part of a human being, but it is not the human being. You might have clues as to what someone might have eaten, but you can't tell their personality without actually knowing the whole person.

In John 21:6 Those in the boat could not "draw" the net, but in verses 10 and 11 Jesus asks for fish, and it says that Peter "helkysē" the net and it didn't break.

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