Does the expression Commandments of God in
Revelation 14:12 Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus.( ESV )
refer to the ten commandments on stone tablets given to Moses?
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Looking at John's other writings in his use of the word entole, he records Jesus saying :
The Father which sent me gave me a commandment, what I should say (in conversation) and what I should speak (in formal statement). And I know that his commandment is life everlasting, John 12 : 49,50.
Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life ... and ... take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father, John 10: 18.
Jesus' speech and Jesus' actions were in obedience to the commands of his Father. And of his Father he said :
I love the Father and as the Father gave me commandment, even so do I, John 14 : 31.
I have kept my Father's commandments and abide in his love, John 15 : 10.
In this same vein John records Jesus commanding the disciples :
A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love another ; as I have loved you that ye also love one another, John 13 : 34.
This is my commandment : that ye love one another, as I have loved you, John 15 : 12.
These things I command you, that ye love one another, John 15 : 17.
John, himself, writing about half a century after the resurrection and ascension, says of the Lord Jesus :
And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments, I John 2 : 3.
Speaking of God, he says :
And this is his commandment, that we should believe on the name of his Son, Jesus Christ and love one another, as he gave us commandment, I John 3 : 23.
And he that keepeth his commandments (that is, the two commandments in I John 3 : 23) dwelleth in him (that is, God) and he in him, I John 3 : 24.
And John further says :
And this commandment we have from him (that is, from context, God), that he who loveth God love his brother also, I John 4 : 21.
I would say that these are the commandments that John writes of in Revelation 12 : 17 and Revelation 14 : 12 and Revelation 22 : 14.
For the disciples of Christ are 'dead to the law by the body of Christ', Romans 7 : 14. They 'are not under the law, but under grace', Romans 6 : 14. The 'law of the Spirit (of life in Christ Jesus) hath made' them 'free of the law of sin and death', Romans 8 : 2. They are 'through the law, dead to the law' that they might 'live unto God' Galatians 2 : 19. The law was merely a 'schoolmaster to bring them to Christ', Galatians 3:24. they are 'led of the Spirit, ye are not under law', Galatians 5 : 18.
And if it be said that all these texts refer 'only to ceremonial law' and that they who are called 'saints' are still under what is termed (but not by scripture) 'moral law' then how on earth can a man be alive to one bit of the law and dead to another bit of ? If he is dead, then he is dead.
The commandments spoken of in Revelation are not the commandments of Moses, they are, undoubtedly, the commands above which Jesus uttered to his disciples whilst he was upon this earth
All references are to the KJV.
The Greek word "entole" translated "commandment" is used in the following senses:
Thus, Rev 14:10 speaks of the commandments of God which included all the ethical requirements of God, whether found in the Torah or otherwise. Presumably, this does include Deut 6:5 & Lev 19:18 as well as the other 10 plus others.