It’s relevant to define sin. Scripture interprets Scripture so there’s no need to reinvent the wheel
“Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.”
1 John 3:4 KJV
In light of this definition
“The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the [transgression of the law] of the world.”
John 1:29 KJV
If sin is the transgression of the law, and the Lamb of God through the sacrifice of Calvary takes away the transgressions of the law, that makes the world free from the law and the strength of the law.
“The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.”
1 Corinthians 15:56 KJV
This verse essentially says that it’s the law that makes transgression of the law (sin) possible and transgression of the law (sin) leads to death.
But Christ takes away the ability to transgress the law (sin) replacing it with the law of the Spirit of life IN Him. And I can’t emphasize enough how important the in Christ is. Because apart from Him none of this is possible.
“For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.”
Romans 8:2 KJV
Christ took away through the cross the ability to transgress the law, if you accept Him by faith and remain in Him.
How do you remain in Him? Great question.
“"If you love me, you will keep my commandments.”
John 14:15 ESV
Is this different from the OT?
“If you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I command you today, by loving the Lord your God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules, then you shall live and multiply, and the Lord your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to take possession of it.”
Deuteronomy 30:16 ESV
But if you keep His commandment and are not in Him? And don’t live in Him? And don’t trust in Him? Then you are under the law and you are required to keep it perfectly. If you break just one, you are guilty of breaking all the law.
“In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory. In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.”
Ephesians 1:11-14 ESV
This is only possible in Him
Until you enter into Christ, you are not predestined to any inheritance, nor were you ever predestined, (maybe in Adam we were but Adam failed which means our former predestination was cancelled). All of these benefits are in Him the second and last Adam.
And it’s in Him that we are free from the transgressions of the law, and therefore free from the sting of death made possible by the law.
Yes they meant the same thing
Why is this significant in light of Hebrews 10:10 because it’s saying that in animal sacrifices removal of the transgressions of the law (sin) was not possible. These accusations were piling up until...
“And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, "Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God. And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death.”
Revelation 12:10-11 ESV