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Amos 1:11 NKJV

11 Thus says the LORD: “For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away its punishment, Because he pursued his brother with the sword, And cast off all pity; His anger tore perpetually, And he kept his wrath forever.

After having duped his brother of the inheritance(Genesis 27:1-47) Jacob fled to his uncle Laban.

There is no record of Esau ever pursuing him with a sword.After a couple of years Jacob returned and was met by the same brother.

There is no record of any reprisals again here

To which event does this text refer?

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The Bible often uses the name of a progenitor as the name for the entire race. This is a perfect example. Other cases include "Moab", "Ammon", and many more. Even the name "Israel" is only another name for the man Jacob as well as the nation that came from Jacob.

The Bible records a number of times when Edom (Esau) clashed in war with Israel (Jacob). See Numbers 20:14-21 (compare Deut 2:2-8); 2 Kings 8:20-22; 2 Chron 28:16, 17.

Thus, it is clear that Amos 1:11 is discussing two nations at war rather than the individual, original brothers.

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