In Mark chapter 8 verse 17 Jesus is rebuking his disciples for not understanding his message regarding the leaven of the Pharisees:
καὶ γνοὺς ὁ Ἰησοῦς λέγει αὐτοῖς Τί διαλογίζεσθε ὅτι ἄρτους οὐκ ἔχετε οὔπω νοεῖτε οὐδὲ συνίετε ἔτι πεπωρωμένην ἔχετε τὴν καρδίαν ὑμῶν
And when Jesus knew it, he saith unto them, Why reason ye, because ye have no bread? perceive ye not yet, neither understand? have ye your heart yet hardened?
So, what is the difference in meaning between "perceive" (νοεῖτε) and "understand" (συνίετε)? Please give knowledgeble answers, based on dictionaries and research.