What is meant by fan & his floor in in Mathew 3:12?
Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
How is he going to purge?
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The "winnowing fan" is for blowing away the chaff while separating it from the wheat after it has been threshed. In ideal conditions, threshing wheat happens by tossing it while the natural wind carries away the chaff. If there is no wind, then a fan allows wheat to be winnowed in unfavorable conditions.
By having a fan, it means that he has the tools to separate the good from the bad, regardless of external conditions.
Judges 6:11 (NASB)
[Gideon] was beating out wheat in a winepress [unfavorable conditions, having no wind] in order to save it from the Midianites.
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Watch a video of threshing and winnowing the old way: