According to Josephus, 1.1 million non-combatants died in Jerusalem and 100,000 in Galilee. He also tells us that 97,000 were enslaved.

Matthew White estimates the combined death toll[clarification needed] for the First and Third Roman Jewish Wars as being approximately 350,000.

Zechariah says that 2/3 of the Jews would die:

[Zec 13:7-9 KJV] 7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man [that is] my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones. 8 And it shall come to pass, [that] in all the land, saith the LORD, two parts therein shall be cut off [and] die; but the third shall be left therein. 9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.

The Arch of Titus

This is in keeping with the predictions of various prophecies:

[Eze 9:4 KJV] 4 And the LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.

[Rev 7:3 KJV] 3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.

[Rev 7:4 KJV] 4 And I heard the number of them which were sealed: [and there were] sealed an hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.

[Rev 9:4 KJV] 4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.

[Rev 14:1 KJV] 1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty [and] four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.

[Rev 22:4 KJV] 4 And they shall see his face; and his name [shall be] in their foreheads.

I realize that 144,000 is probably symbolic but I'm wondering about the percentage of 2/3 that were to perish in relation to the extant numbers.

How many actually died in that war and how does that relate to Zechariah's prediction of 2/3?

  • 1
    Good question. But wouldn't this be served better at History:SE? Dec 3 '18 at 22:37
  • @LangLangC I appreciate the suggestion. If I strike out here I'll post a similar question on that site.
    – Ruminator
    Dec 3 '18 at 22:39
  • 1
    Well, I know not enough on how this site really works; can't even see close votes. But I think, without checking over there for dupes, that an edit here and a shifted Q there would be most interesting. I do not favour deleting such an interesting Q. Currently it looks to me as sitting between both site's focus. If it flies here, well then. Dec 3 '18 at 22:42

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