"OT words for God. A cluster of three words, possibly from the same ancient root, are translated "God" of "god" in the NIV and NASB. These are el, eloah, elohim. Each is a generic terms, meaning "god" or "mighty one." Normally when one of these words occur in the OT, it designates either the true God or something the pagan nations viewed as a god. In only a few instances are these words used of angels or mighty human beings."-'Expository Dictionary of the Bible' by L.O. Richards p.312-313
"El and Elohim are from the earliest times the general names applied to the spirits or demons associated in popular belief with certain localities or natural objects such as trees, wells, rocks, stones, etc., Some of these numerous vague spirits attained in the course of time to a more definitely personal quality, advancing as the protective spirits of places and tribes to the stage of deity. An instructive passage is Gen. 33.20, 'And he [Jacob] erected there an alter and called it El-elohe-Israel'. El is here no longer a mere appellative, but has become a proper name, the name of the God of Israel, while at the same time it is the name of the alter itself, closely associated with the stone (cf. Gen. 28.18f) of which the alter consists."-'A Theologial Word Book of the Bible' Ed. by A. Richardson D.D. p.94-94
“GOD … The names of God . . . As the words ‘el and theos can be used to refer to any supernatural power, of which there may be many, as well as to the supreme or absolute supernatural being. Because of this, translators of the Bible have felt free to use similar words in other languages which have a corresponding breath of meaning (e.g. ‘God’ in English), This is in contrast to Islamic translators of the Qur’an, for example, who retain the word ‘Allah as an untranslatable proper name, even thought there is no semantic justification for this. The Bible’s willingness to use ***generic**** words of deity to refer to the unique God of Israel confirms its assertion that some knowledge of him in innate in every rational creature and that pagan deities are but pale and corrupt reflections of this knowledge.
In the Bible God reveals himself by the name YHWH, which is usually vocalized as ‘Yahweh’, but which at some point ceased to be used by the ancient Israelites . . . which has come into English via its Latinized form ‘Jehovah’.”-‘New Dictionary of Biblical Theology’ published by InterVarsty Press p.513
*”generic adj. 1 characteristic of or relating to a class; general, not specific or special. 2 Biol. characteristic of or belonging to a genus. generically adv. [Latin: related to *genus].”-Oxford Dictionary
In simple terms God is God, to the European mind, but not so the case to the Near Eastern mind (the Holy Scriptures where prepared for their culture originally) there is a lot more involved, which we should take into consideration when contemplating the Scriptures, as the above shows, many things are called God, god, gods etc. in the Bible so having the right prospective (and Scripture context) of this will help us to understand why Jesus can be "a god" (or divine one) and just as true, but with out being The Almighty God.
Humans are referred to as "God" or "god".
Exodus 4:16 "And he* must speak for you to the people; and it must occur that he will serve as a mouth to you, and you** will serve as God*** to him*."
*Aaron; **Moses; ***N.W.T. (ftn) "As God.” Heb., le´•lo•him', pl.; Gr., the•on'; Lat., De'um."
Exodus 7:1 "Consequently Jehovah said to Moses: "See, I have made you God* to Pharaoh, and Aaron your own brother will become your prophet.
*N.W.T. "(ftn.) “God.” Heb., ´elo•him'; Gr., the•on'; Latin, De'um."
N.I.V. Study Bible. Comment on Ex 7:1 (and Ex 4:16).
"As God transmits his word through his prophets to his people, so Moses will transmit God's message through Aaron to pharaoh. The prophet's task was to speak God's word on God's behalf. He was God's "mouth" (4:15-16)."
Jesus Christ is the prophet ("The Word") for Jehovah, like Moses (and much more), whom was a prophetic picture of The Christ, as Moses was the godlike mediator of the Law Covenant, whereas Jesus is the godlike Mediator (1 Tim 2:5; Heb 12:24) of the New Covenant as Deuteronomy 18:15 reads "A prophet from your own midst, from your brothers, like me, is what Jehovah your God will raise up for you—to him YOU people should listen." See John 1:45; 6:14; Acts 3:22-23; 7:37.
Zechariah 12:8 “ . . .and the house of David like God. . .”
On the above ‘A New Commentary On The Holy Scriptures’ by S.P.C.K p.623 says:-
“the house of David shall be as God. The royal house of David will figure as the representative of the divine leadership (cf. Ex 4 16) in the theocratic state.”
Psalms 82:1-8 "God is stationing himself in the assembly of the Divine One*; In the middle of the gods** he
judges: "How long will YOU keep on judging with injustice And showing partiality to the wicked themselves? Be judges for the lowly one and the fatherless boy. To the afflicted one and the one of little means do justice. Provide escape for the lowly one and the poor one; Out of the hand of the wicked ones deliver [them]." They have not known, and they do not understand; In darkness they keep walking about; All the foundations of the earth are made to totter. "I myself have said, 'YOU are gods***, And all of YOU are sons of the Most High. . . ."
*N.W.T. (ftn) "Or, “God.” Heb., ´El; LXXVg, “gods”; Sy, “angels.”"
**N.W.T. (ftn) "Or, “godlike ones.” Heb., ´elo•him'; LXXVgc, “gods”; Sy, “angels”; T, “judges.”"
***N.W.T. (ftn) "Or, “godlike ones.” Heb., ´elo•him'; Gr., the•oi'; Syr., da´•la•hin; Lat., di'i; T, like angels.”
N.I.V. Study Bible. Comment on Ps 82:6.
"I said. Those who rule (or judge) do so by God's appointment (see 2:7 ; Isa 44:28) and thus they are his representatives- whether they acknowledge him or not (see Ex 9:16; Jer 27:6; Da 2:21; 4:17.32; 5:18; Jn 17:11; Ro 13:1). gods. See note on v. 1*. sons of. See note on v, 1, Most High. See note on Ge 14:19."
*"An early rabbinic interpretation (see Jn 10:35-35) understanding the "gods" (vv. 1,6) to be unjust rulers and judges in Israel, of whom there were many . . . ."
K.J.V. Companion Bible, Ps 82:1
**"gods Elohim: used of earthly judges as representing Him. Cp. Ex. 21.6; 22.8, 9, 28 (quoted in Acts 23.5.). Hence Moses is so spoken of (Ex. 7. 1). (it is used also of idols as representing even a false god.) See John 10. 34, 35."
"Verse 6. Ye are gods — Or, with the prefix of k ke, the particle of similitude, µyhlak keelohim, “like God.” Ye are my representatives, and are clothed with my power and authority to dispense judgment and justice, therefore all of them are said to be children of the Most High."-Clarke's Commentary OT, Vol. 3 Job - Song of Solomon by Adam Clarke p.1084
Psalm 82:6 “I myself have said, ‘YOU are gods, And all of YOU are sons of the Most High.
It is clear that Jesus is “God’s Son” by his own admission (John 10:36), also God’s (Heb 1:5), and is one of many such, as the Scriptures make clear, excepting he is a very special an "Only-begotten" one, see John 1:14,18.
As God’s “sons” can be also be called “gods” by God himself (as above) and being as Jesus or “The Word,” who is God’s “son” (John 1:14), can then, by context and connection, be correctly referred to as “a god” or one of the many of God’s “sons” called “gods” human or otherwise!
Just a bit of info.