In the Book of Enoch, there is a long parable of animals, representing many Biblical figures such as Cain and Abel, David and Saul, Solomon, etc. I would like to make sense of part this parable; who is the Ram? I don't think it's Jesus because of Jesus' portrayal as a sacrificial lamb. Also I don't think he gains "the big horn" nor opens his eyes ("their eyes were opened") nor is Jesus characterized as a "sheep" or "ram" in any other passage. I would incline Jesus to be the man who is writing these things down about the shepherds and the sheep as well.

Could this ram with the big horn possibly be the one that Jesus spoke of when he said

“Who then is the faithful and wise manager, whom the master puts in charge of his servants to give them their portion at the proper time? Luke 12:42 BSB

Anyways, here is an excerpt from the parable/vision of the animals that speaks about that ram.

90.8 And I saw in the vision, how the ravens flew upon those lambs, and took one of those lambs, and dashed the sheep in pieces and devoured them.

90.9 And I looked until horns came up on those lambs but the ravens cast their horns down. And I looked until a big horn grew on one of those sheep, and their eyes were opened.

90.10 And it looked at them and their eyes were opened. And it cried to the sheep, and the rams saw it, and they all ran to it.

90.11 And, besides all this, those eagles, and vultures, and ravens, and kites, were still continually tearing the sheep in pieces, and flying upon them and devouring them. And the sheep were silent but the rams lamented and cried out.

90.12 And those ravens battled and fought with it, and wished to make away with its horn, but they did not prevail against it.

90.13 And I looked at them until the shepherds and the eagles, and those vultures, and kites, came and cried to the ravens that they should dash the horn of that ram in pieces. And they fought and battled with it, and it fought with them and cried out so that its help might come to it.

90.14 And I looked until that man, who wrote down the names of the shepherds and brought them up before the Lord of the sheep, came, and he helped that ram and showed it everything; its help was coming down.

90.15 And I looked until that Lord of the sheep came to them in anger, all those who saw him fled, and they all fell into the shadow in front of Him.

90.16 All the eagles and vultures and ravens and kites, gathered together and brought with them all the wild sheep, and they all came together and helped one another in order to dash that horn of the ram in pieces.

90.17 And I looked at that man, who wrote the book at the command of the Lord, until he opened that book of the destruction that those last twelve shepherds had wrought. And he showed, in front of the Lord of the sheep, that they had destroyed even more than those before them had.

90.18 And I looked until the Lord of the sheep came to them and took the Staff of His Anger and struck the Earth. And the Earth was split. And all the animals, and the birds of the sky, fell from those sheep and sank in the earth; and it closed over them.

1 Answer 1


Of course, there is no way one can be absolutely certain whom the original author of 1 Enoch intended to be represented by the great horn. Robert Henry Charles, who produced an English translation of 1 Enoch in 1893, commented on p. 251,

  1. The horned lambs, as we have seen, must be the Maccabees, and in the “great horn’ it is impossible to find any other than Judas Maccabaeus.

Again, on p. 253,

  1. The first great Messianic victories of Israel are the signal for the final assault of all the Gentiles combined with the apostate Jews (i.e. the sheep of the field) against Israel. Israel is still led by Judas, the great horn.


The Book of Enoch. Trans. Charles, Robert Henry. Oxford: Clarendon, 1893.

  • Thanks for the sources and answer. However, Judas never received any consolations or knowledge from the "man" in the Parable nor did the "Lord of the sheep" come down in anger during the Maccabean revolt era. Nov 16, 2018 at 14:48
  • +1, Great answer.
    – Robert
    Feb 13, 2021 at 2:12

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