This question is solely about the peoples in the document sets, not archaeological claims. Apologies if this is a bad fit: I checked the site tour; this seems to be an exegesis request in relation to a constricted text set; and, my approach is documentary (even if textually “larger” than obvious excellent questions here).
Who were the Israelites by the end of the narratives that end Judges?
From the top of my head I can recall the existence of:
- the twelve tribes and their immediate patriarchal family controlled converted slaves and servants
- the multitude, a non tribal body not descended from Israel, but out of Egypt
- locals who became servants in common and converts through the tribal division and invasion
- independent converts not associated with a tribal patriarchal family group
Have I made false inclusions or failed to include any relevant groups from the texts?