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Numbers 6:19-20 NASB

19 The priest shall take the ram’s shoulder when it has been boiled, and one unleavened cake out of the basket and one unleavened wafer, and shall put them on the [i]hands of the Nazirite after he has shaved his [j]dedicated hair. 20 Then the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before the Lord.

In the above text its not clear who actually waved the offering before the Lord?

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    Here's a Jewish translation: 19The priest shall take the shoulder of the ram when it has been boiled, one unleavened cake from the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and place them on the hands of the nazirite after he has shaved his consecrated hair. 20The priest shall elevate them as an elevation offering before the LORD; and this shall be a sacred donation for the priest, in addition to the breast of the elevation offering and the thigh of gift offering. After that the nazirite may drink wine. Jewish Publication Society. (1985). Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures (Nu 6:19–20). Philadelphia. – Perry Webb May 29 '18 at 8:45
  • I'm not sure I understand where the ambiguity is. The translation you provided says 'the priest shall wave them for a wave offering'. – user2910 May 29 '18 at 23:26
  • @MarkEdward,he shall put it in the hands of the nazirite,then how does he wave something in somebody's hands – collen ndhlovu May 30 '18 at 5:44
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Moshe ben Maimon (Maimonides) describes the offering process in his Mishneh Torah.1

5 There are three types of individual peace-offerings:

a) a peace-offering that is brought without bread, e.g., the festive peace-offering or the peace-offering of celebration, they are called peace-offerings;

b) peace-offerings brought with bread because of a vow or a pleadge; these are called thanksgiving offerings and the bread is called the bread of the thanksgiving offering;

c) the peace-offering brought by a nazirite on the day he completes his nazirite vow; this offering is accompanied by bread and is called the nazirite's ram.

6 What is procedure for bringing these three [types of offerings]? [The sacrificial animals] should be slaughtered and their blood should be sprinkled on the altar, as we explained. They are skinned and the portions offered on the altar are removed. Afterwards, the meat is cut up and the breast and the right thigh are set aside. The portions to be offered together with the breast and the thigh are placed on the hands of the owners. A priest places his hands below the hands of the owner and performs tenufah with all these items "before God," to the east [of the Altar]. Whenever there is a requirement for tenufah, it is performed to the east [of the Altar].

7 How is tenufah performed? [The items] are taken [to each of the directions] and returned, lifted up and brought low. If the sacrifice was a thanksgiving offering, one should be taken one from each [of the four] groups of ten breads that are brought with it and place it together with the breast, the thigh, and the portions offered on the altar. Tenufah should be performed with all of these items upon the owner's hands, as explained.

8 How are they placed on the owner's hands? The fats are placed on the owner's hands with the breast and the thigh above them. The two kidneys and the lobe of the liver are placed above them and if [the offering includes] bread, it is placed above them and tenufah is performed with all these items.

9 If the sacrifice was a nazirite's ram, [the priest] should remove the portions to be offered on the altar, set aside the breast and the thigh, and cook the remainder of the ram in the Women's Courtyard. The priest takes the cooked foreleg from the ram and one from each [of the two] groups of ten breads that are brought with it, together with the breast, the thigh, and the portions offered on the altar and places everything on the nazirite's hands. The priest places his hands under the owner's hands and moves all [items] as we described.

Alfred Edersheim also wrote,2

Closely connected with this was ‘the lifting and waving’ of certain sacrifices. The priest put his hands under those of the offerer, and moved the sacrifice upwards and downwards, right and left; according to Abarbanel also ‘forwards and backwards.’


Footnotes

1 Mishneh Torah, Sefer Avoda, Hilkhot Maʿaseh ha-Korbanot, Chapter 9, Hilkhot 5–9; also, cf. Babylonian Talmud, Seder Kodashim, Tractate Menachot, Chapter 5, Folio 61a, Mishna: כיצד הוא עושה נותן שתי הלחם על גבי שני כבשים ומניח שתי ידיו למטה מוליך ומביא מעלה ומוריד שנאמר (שמות כט) אשר הונף ואשר הורם
2 Edersheim, p. 88

References

Edersheim, Alfred. The Temple—Its Ministry and Services, as They Were at the Time of Jesus Christ. London: The Religious Tract Society, 1874.

Moshe ben Maimon (Maimonides). Mishneh Torah. Trans. Touger, Eliyahu. Vol. 22. Brooklyn: Moznaim, 1998.

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    "Closely connected with this was ‘the lifting and waving’ of certain sacrifices. The priest put his hands under those of the offerer, and moved the sacrifice upwards and downwards, right and left; according to Abarbanel also ‘forwards and backwards.’" surely has to be at the root of those strange mystical rubrics of the Latin Mass. Luther in any case thought as much (Table Talk, cap. 361): "The elevation of the sacrament was taken out of the Old Testament; the Jews observed two forms, the one called Thruma, the other Trumpha; ... – Sola Gratia Dec 9 '18 at 16:52
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    "...Thruma was when they took an offering out of a basket, and lifted it up above them (like as they now lift up the oblate), and showed the same to our Lord God, after which they either burned or ate it: Trumpha, was an offering which they lifted not up above them, but showed it towards the four corners of the world, as the papists, in the mass, make crosses and other apish toys, towards the four corners of the world." – Sola Gratia Dec 9 '18 at 16:53
  • @SolaGratia—I wouldn't doubt there are similarities. I need to peek to see if Jerome commented on those relevant verses in Exodus or Leviticus. – Der Übermensch Dec 9 '18 at 19:23

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