In Matthew 13:30 Jesus taught a parable about not pulling up weeds until the harvest:

NIV Matthew 13:30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’ ”

In 39-43 he says that the "harvest" is "the end of the age" and the "harvesters" are "angels":

NIV Matthew 13: 39and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. 40“As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end (τῇ συντελείᾳ) of the age (τοῦ αἰῶνος). 41The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. 42They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear.

However in the situation with Annanias and Sapphira we see Peter dispensing immediate judgment:

NIV Acts 5: 9Peter said to her, “How could you conspire to test the Spirit of the Lord? Listen! The feet of the men who buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out also.” 10At that moment she fell down at his feet and died. Then the young men came in and, finding her dead, carried her out and buried her beside her husband. 11Great fear seized the whole church and all who heard about these events.

Was this then the judgment and the end/completion of the age? Or did Peter "jump the gun"?

I notice a prophesy that might also be relevant where the coming the messiah will be attended by immediate dispensing of justice. Was the incident involving

NIV Malachi 3: 1“I will send my messenger (מַלְאָכִ֔י - angel), who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger (וּמַלְאַ֨ךְ - angel) of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty. 2But who can endure the day of his coming? Who can stand when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire or a launderer’s soap. 3He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then the Lord will have men who will bring offerings in righteousness, 4and the offerings of Judah and Jerusalem will be acceptable to the Lord, as in days gone by, as in former years. 5“So I will come to put you on trial. I will be quick to testify against sorcerers, adulterers and perjurers, against those who defraud laborers of their wages, who oppress the widows and the fatherless, and deprive the foreigners among you of justice, but do not fear me,” says the Lord Almighty.

Was the immediate judgment of Ananias and Sapphira part of that which Malachi predicted?

  • Sin drives out holiness. The Holy Spirit is (obviously) holy. The Holy Spirit is (obviously) a spirit. The spirit is the breath of life (being related to respiration). I believe the conclusion to be obvious, in light of verse 9. – Lucian May 24 at 1:48
  • This may not be a full-fledged answer, but short answer: those are two different scenarios. Jesus is talking about separating the unbelievers from the believers for judgment, which will happen at the Great White Throne judgment of Revelation 20. Peter passed judgment on two (supposed) believers, who presumptuously sinned by lying to the Holy Ghost. Not all unbelievers go to the lake of fire as soon as they sin, but Christians who willfully sin against God will face judgment. Hope this helps. – Kevin H Sep 13 at 23:39
  • Mt 16:18-19. The kingdom Christ came to establish was no different to the Davidic in that it had a prime minister with actual the authority of the King, keys and all. – Sola Gratia Sep 14 at 21:19

According to Orthodox interpretation of Acts 5:1-9 (only in Russian), Annanias's sin was sacrilege because the money were devoted to God. That is the reason for such fast punishment (St. John Chrysostom). Also he mentions Zechariah 5:1 and says that swear (false) is quickly judged. "Flying roll" means very fast speed of punishment after swear.

It does appear that the standing orders for the twelve was to not weed the garden. Peter was the main gardener. So it would seem that the applicable teaching would be to let the weeds grow along with the wheat. However, Peter is very quick to administer judgement. Why?

First of all, this may have been the fulfillment of the promises that "in the regeneration" the twelve would serve as judges:

NIV Matthew 19:28 Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Alternatively this was spoken of in prophecy, that in the messianic age God, by his angel of the covenant would bring about swift judgment:

NIV Malachi 3: 1“I will send my messenger (מַלְאָכִ֔י - angel), who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger (וּמַלְאַ֨ךְ - angel) of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty. 2But who can endure the day of his coming? Who can stand when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire or a launderer’s soap. 3He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then the Lord will have men who will bring offerings in righteousness, 4and the offerings of Judah and Jerusalem will be acceptable to the Lord, as in days gone by, as in former years. 5“So I will come to put you on trial.

I will be quick to testify against sorcerers, adulterers and perjurers, against those who defraud laborers of their wages, who oppress the widows and the fatherless, and deprive the foreigners among you of justice, but do not fear me,” says the Lord Almighty.

This created an atmosphere of holy fear among those gathering in Jerusalem to await the arrival of the son of man from heaven.

It is explainable in the context of divine foreknowledge and care for humans: as writes St. John Chrysostom, "God in His mercy, seeing beforehand that somebody, if given a longer life, will not use it for the benefit of his/her soul, but will remain unrepenting and fall into a greater depravity, stops this depravity by death of this person, in order to protect his/her immortal soul as less depraved as it is possible for its unrepenting condition". Similarly, Peter, knowing through divine means, through the divine Spirit, that the spouses would not repent, but rather fall into a greater depravity, and that the Spirit, Who out of love would not suffer this calamity on poor creatures, was going to take their physical life, just reported this divine love-full decision to them, also preparing in this manner them to receive it. In fact, God's love is not stopped by sins of sinners and He helps them even when they are not helping themselves through a sincere repentance. I agree that this explanation leaves unanswered theological questions. But I would not go there for the time being.

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