As noted in the popular modern Hebrew commentary on the Old Testament Da’at Miqra, which quotes one of the leading modern scholars of Old Testament textual criticism, Rabbi Mordechai Breuer, there is a discrepancy between the orthography of the Ten Commandments in the Masoretic text and how they are counted in the Jewish tradition. According to the accepted Jewish enumeration, there is a missing "parashah" break between the first and second commandments (Exodus 20:3-4), and an extra one in the middle of the tenth commandment (Exodus 20:14).

How is this discrepancy accounted for in the Jewish tradition (or any other tradition, for that matter)?

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    This is, actually, a very complex question and it would take a long answer to deal with satisfactorily. A good bit of the detail is laid out in the Wikipedia "Ten Commandments" article, though, and you should have a look at that in any case. – Dɑvïd Feb 11 '18 at 20:25
  • As currently phrased this question is off-topic and should be closed. The later traditions, whether Christian, Jewish or other are not a hermeneutical problem. The actual problem is how to explain the fact that there seem to be more commandments in the text than what we would expect from Exodus 34:28 and Deuteronomy 10:4. – Abu Munir Ibn Ibrahim Feb 12 '18 at 13:07
  • @AbuMunirIbnIbrahim tweaked. – Arithmomaniac Feb 12 '18 at 15:39
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    I think your question is better suited for the Judaism Stack Exchange – user33515 Feb 12 '18 at 17:35
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    The translation portion is on topic (albeit quite broad), but how various traditions account for it is best handled on sites for those respective traditions, such as Mi Yodeya or Christianity – Dan Feb 13 '18 at 5:13