1

It seems to be a tradition dating back to the Vulgate to translate the Greek infinitive ἐγκακεῖν with a second-person pronoun or a second-person verb. Examples include: "[you] not to faint" (YLT), "ye faint not" (KJV) and the 2nd pl. subjunctive "ne deficiatis". (VUL) But the original Greek merely has an infinitive, no mention of a second person pronoun. Is it really necessary to interpret this infinitive in the second person, or could Paul himself possibly be the subject of the infinitive?

For example, would "wherefore, I pray not to grow weary in my tribulations for you, which is your glory" also be a plausible translation? The meaning would change, as it would be a prayer for himself, not for the Ephesians. But going by the Greek alone, it seems possible, at least to me.

What are your thoughts?

3:13 διὸ αἰτοῦμαι μὴ ἐγκακεῖν ἐν ταῖς θλίψεσίν μου ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν, ἥτις ἐστὶν δόξα ὑμῶν.

wherefore, I ask [you] not to faint in my tribulations for you, which is your glory. (YLT)

So I ask you not to lose heart over what I am suffering for you, which is your glory. (ESV)

Wherefore I desire that ye faint not at my tribulations for you, which is your glory. (KJV)

Wherefore I pray you not to faint at my tribulations for you, which is your glory. (Douay-Rheims)

propter quod peto ne deficiatis in tribulationibus meis pro vobis quae est gloria vestra (VUL)

1

I don't think this interpretation fits the verses that follow:

Τούτου χάριν κάμπτω τὰ γόνατά μου πρὸς τὸν πατέρα τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ... ἵνα δῴη ὑμῖν ... δυνάμει κραταιωθῆναι διὰ τοῦ Πνεύματος αὐτοῦ

For this cause I bow my knees unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, ... that he would grant you ... to be strengthened with might by his Spirit

Theophylact comments:

It is necessary that I be shackled and suffer cruelly at the hands of those who do not understand the mystery, but rather dispute and oppose it. Therefore, I beg you, my brothers, that ye faint not, which means, that you not be shaken and fearful, as if something irrational had occurred. Rather, these bonds and afflictions which I endure for your sake redound to your glory.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.