From dictionary the verb spoil means transitive archaic
To strip (someone who has been killed or defeated) of
their arms or armour.
As a noun the word spoil means:
noun (plural spoils)(Also in plural: spoils) Plunder taken from an
enemy or victim.
After victory in a battle the spoil was divided to the great men of war
52 And all the gold of the offering that they offered up to the LORD,
of the captains of thousands, and of the captains of hundreds, was
sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels.
53 For the men of war had taken spoil, every man for himself.)
Spoil is a present given to the deserving after victory in a warfare
1 Samuel 30:26
26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders
of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the
spoil of the enemies of the LORD;
In battles they used to have spoil of cities:
13 But as for the cities that stood still in their strength, Israel
burned none of them, save Hazor only; that did Joshua burn.
14 And all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, the children of
Israel took for a prey unto themselves; but every man they smote with
the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, neither left
they any to breathe.
Spoil also has spiritual connotation:
161 SCHIN. Princes have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart
standeth in awe of thy word.
162 I rejoice at thy word, as one that findeth great spoil.
Spoil is used in the scripture to mean destroying the works of Satan.
27 No man can enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods,
except he will first bind the strong man; and then he will spoil his
Dividing the spoil with the great can be seen as the reward given to the gallant soldiers of the cross who took sides with Jesus in the spiritual battle against the enemy.
At his coming he will divide the spoils with the great:
17 And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast
been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.
18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five
19 And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.
26 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him
will I give power over the nations:
27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a
potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my
28 And I will give him the morning star.