According to jeremiah 31:38-40:

38 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that the city shall be built to the Lord from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner.

39 And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath.

40 And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the Lord; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever

Is this the dimensions to the rebuilt city after babylonial captivity? Or is it some thing in the future? Seems too specific to be purely symbolic. In context it seems to be connected to the new covenant of 31:31.

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    If this is about Jerusalem, wasn't it destroyed again in 70ad? – Ruminator Jun 21 '18 at 11:39
  • Not an answer but a note on the premise: Specificity is often part of symbolic statements in the Bible. How many years in Daniel? Which city will the Messiah be born in? How many days till he rises? "How many baskets of bread were left over, and do you still not understand?" It will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon, etc. This prophecy isn't even as specific as they come. Also, one test sometimes applied to prophecies was that they come true in the present (Dt. 18:22); this, some exegetes argue, was the guarantee of the future/symbolic sense as well. For that purpose specificity helps. – Luke Sawczak Jun 21 '18 at 12:04
  • Revelation 21:1-4, "And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: ... And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven ... Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men ... And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death". This new Jerusalem clearly will never be plucked up or thrown down!!! – enegue Jun 21 '18 at 13:08
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    @enegue yea I believe it's abiut new Jerusalem too, many of the prophets speak of a future everlasting Jerusalem where the kingdom of God is set up. These are the same dimensions from Zechariah 14. – diego b Jun 21 '18 at 15:02

It is obvious that the prophecy of Jer 31:31-40 has not yet been fulfilled. For example:

  • The prophecy discusses the house of Israel (as distinct from that of Judah - see Jer 31:31) which had been destroyed about 150 years before Jeremiah and has still not been restored
  • The whole city is to be rebuilt - this must include the temple which the Jews have not yet done (except for the second temple which was destroyed - more on this shortly) - Arabs control some areas of Jerusalem among others
  • The entire city plus the Kidron valley, when rebuilt is be sacred to the LORD (v40). This has never been the case is still is not.
  • After the city (Jerusalem) is rebuilt it will never be "uprooted nor overthrown for ever" (v40). Jerusalem has been captured and desolated several times and its current state still cannot be described as fully restored.

Thus, Jerusalem cannot be, either now or previously, the fulfilment of this prophecy and therefore must point to a still future fulfilment. Whether this is literal or symbolic is another question. My personal view involves Jer 31:31 which clearly points to a time when everyone will have the law of God in their hearts - presumably this will never happen this side of God's eternal kingdom.

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