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In Isaiah 6:2, the Seraphim in the presence of God have six wings.

Isaiah 6:2 Seraphs stood over him; each one had six wings. With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and they used the remaining two to fly. (NET)

The reason for the pair to fly is obvious. The two covering the face are because they are in the presence of God who is "Holy, holy, holy."

However, why are the feet covered? What is the significance of the wings covering the feet?

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    Two possibilities I can think of: (1) feet are dirty, and therefore unclean (cf. Moses, Joshua told to remove their shoes), or (2) 'feet' is here a euphemism as sometimes elsewhere in the bible, and hence 'it' needs covering.
    – user2910
    Oct 15 '17 at 21:25
  • A bird's wings stem from the middle of its back side. For obvious technical reasons, they cannot be folded so as to cover both the upper (face) and lower (feet) sides of its body simultaneously.
    – Lucian
    Oct 15 '17 at 22:46
  • @MarkEdward, writing that up with a few cross references would qualify as an upvotable answer.
    – Frank Luke
    Oct 26 '17 at 21:32
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Seraphim convey a different concept to cherubim ('the living' which appear in Eden, on the kapporeth of the ark, in the oracle of the temple and in Ezekiel; and whose name appears again, borne by the man Kerub, who came back from captivity).

Saraph [8314] the Hebrew word behind the English translation, occurs seven times in the Piel, the active and intensive form, and once more, making eight, as a man's name.

Serephah [8316] occurs thirteen times and is translated by the KJV and by Young as burn or burning, but not a normal burning; it is evident from the occurrences, and the link in one place to brimstone, that it is an intense burning.

Together, there are twenty-one references, a significant number in scripture.


The same word as appears here, seraphim, is elsewhere translated fiery serpent [KJV] but in those other places they are not directly related to the throne of God. Here they are.

It is clear that, here, saraph, corporately, represent a concept. The literal translation [Young's Literal] reads :

Seraphs are standing above it: six wings hath each one; with two covering its face, and with two covereth its feet, and with two flieth.

The very wording blends the imagery from plural to singular; and we are not told, in any case - in this place - how many there are.

Two wings cover the face, two cover the feet. The mode of progress is obscured and the identity is obscured and their sight is obscured. And what does the obscuring - is something heavenly; the wing. The wing is a means of heavenly motion. And here, that which propels in a heavenly manner, is the very thing that obscures.

These things are mysteries; they require revelation; and he to whom it is revealed is he who shall interpret. But interpratation is off-topic, here, so that is all I shall say.


Saraph : Num 21:6, Num 21:8, Deu 8:15, Isa 6:2, Isa 6:6, Isa 14:29, Isa 30:6

Saraph, the man : I Chron 4:22

The Piel Form

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  • This is interesting conjecture but it does not answer the question
    – David D
    Sep 17 '20 at 16:47
  • @DavidD The mode of progress is obscured and the identity is obscured and their sight is obscured. And what does the obscuring - is something heavenly; the wing. The wing is a means of heavenly motion. And here, that which propels in a heavenly manner, is the very thing that obscures. : is my answer to the question. It is at least a better answer than the one you chose not to supply.
    – Nigel J
    Sep 17 '20 at 16:54
  • Nigel J - I apologize for offending you.
    – David D
    Sep 17 '20 at 17:00
  • @DavidD None taken. But I cannot but help remember the words of J N Darby : I prefer my way of doing things to your way of not doing them. Too many are content to sit in the 'scorner's chair', casting critical comment, being 'armchair critics'. See Psalm 1:1. Achieve first ; only then - comment on the achievement of others.
    – Nigel J
    Sep 18 '20 at 12:39
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Two wings over the eyes represents reverence, Two wings over the feet represents humility, and the Two wings they used to fly shows they where in action. To be in service for All Mighty God you must meet these requirements. "Influence"by William Branham preached on Feb.15 1964 staring at paragraph 84.May God Richly Bless You.

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  • How do you know that is what they symbolise?
    – curiousdannii
    May 8 '20 at 3:21
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Your feet are how you stand off your feet you are defeated.... those who are successful in this life are often referred to as they stand on their own two feet... in the presence of The Almighty God nothing of any of your accomplishments are note worthy.. not even by ones own self... so I add Branham is right

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    Welcome to BH. Please see the Tour and the Help as to the purpose and the functioning of the site.
    – Nigel J
    Jul 25 '20 at 0:06

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