...“Their king will be greater than Agag;their kingdom will be exalted." (NIV)

1 Sam. 15:8-9 speaks of specific king "Agag" whom Saul defeated:

" And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.

9 But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly." (KJV)

But, in prophesy many times a name will be used collectively for the whole. I have found one reference source that states "Agag" was title of the kings Amalek much as Pharaoh was the title of the kings of Egypt.

"The Meaning of the Name Agag

The name in Arabic means, to "Burn". It is not a person's name but his title, as Pharaoh is a title of the Kings of Egypt. This was the 'Flame' that would lead his nation to attack and burn Israel repeatedly." Souce: here

Can anyone offer other sources or confirm this source?

Or, was Balaam's prophesy only concerning one king of Amalek?

  • "Agag" does not mean "burn" in Arabic. – fdb Oct 8 '17 at 16:28

It concerns more than one person, but I don't want to used the definition of king.

Balaam spoke in a parable, so the intention is to conceal information. (Num. 24:3 example) The parables extend through time all the way to the latter days, or the end of the age. (Num. 24 : 14) In addition to the Aggag in Saul' s era, Haman was an Aggite. Mordicia and Esther went after the house of Haman and attempted to perform what Saul did not. They are attempting to destroy his line of decent. ( Esther 9 : 10) It does not appear certain to have worked.
Amelek remains alive in the latter days but is destroyed. ( Num. 24 : 20)

That leaves the question regarding Aggag. Is he still existing at the end or mearly the general descendents of Amelek? Remember that it is written, Essua is Edom. (Gen. 36 : 8) Fathers and their children are accounted, or seen as one and the same, based on the context of the story.

These men are accounted as alive, even though dead. The story appears to very much still in progress.

  • 1
    What support can you bring for making the identification of the Agag in Numbers 24:7 with the Agag in 1 Samuel 15:9 and the Agagi in Esther 3:1? How does this post answer the OP's question about if "Agag" is a proper name or a title like "Pharaoh"? – Abu Munir Ibn Ibrahim Oct 7 '17 at 19:46

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