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(KJV) Daniel 10:1-5

1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision. 2 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks. 3 I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled. 4 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel; 5 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz:

Is Daniel here mourning about what he is about to be shown or what he had already been shown in the previous chapters?

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According to Adam Clarke's commentary, the third year of Cyrus was the same as the first year of Darius the Mede from chap. 9.

Excerpt on vs. 2:

"I - was mourning three full weeks - The weeks are most probably dated from the time of the termination of the last vision. Calmet proves this by several reasons." Source: here

It was the shock of learning of the end of the Jewish polity and the end of the hope of any restoration of Israel to its earlier glory under Solomon that caused Daniel's grief. Daniel had been asking about the 70 years of the prophesy for the return to Jerusalem and release from the Babylonian captivity (Dan. 9:2).

He had wanted to know the end of the desolation / waste of Jerusalem, and God sent Gabriel to answer that specific question. Daniel had thought he asking about the return to Jerusalem from Babylon. But, the end that was the true question, the end of the desolation was not what he expected to hear.

To be told that his people (the Jews) and his holy city (Jerusalem) would be destroyed, that the end of the desolation was the complete destruction of the very city of God to which Daniel was seeking to return made him sick at heart.

Daniel was mourning what he had learned in the previous vision in chap. 9. In chap. 10 Gabriel tells him that he was busy dealing with the king of Persia (Cyrus), and had to wait until Michael could help before he could return and explain more to Daniel. Gabriel gave strength to Daniel to hear the rest of the prophesy.

Gabriel then rehearses in chap. 11 the secular history that would unfold from the fourth king of Persia (Xerxes) through the remaining three kingdoms of the visions from chap. 2 and 7: Mede-Persia, Greece, and the Romans. That history rehearsed the wars of these troublesome times all the way through about 400 years and the rule of the king of Judea at the time of the Messiah's appearance. That king was Herod. See the history outlined here.

Daniel was still reeling from this vision, as in Chap. 12 he asked Gabriel when would be the end of these things (Dan. 12:6). Daniel was still wondering when will the desolation of Jerusalem end. He still did not quite understand that it wasn't going to be rebuilt, and asked the question a second time in verse 8.

It never occurred to Daniel that Jerusalem would be utterly destroyed, and that his question of the end of the desolation of Jerusalem was not the return from Babylon. Learning that his people would eventually be scattered and his city destroyed was completely unexpected and overwhelming.

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  • What do you mean by "the end of the Jews"? – Ruminator Oct 11 '17 at 14:00
  • The end of their national polity, the end of the temple system, the end of the priesthood, and the scattering of their people throughout all the world. God ended their national existence in AD 70. Even though men conspired to recreate a state of Israel through terrorist take over tactics in 1948 does not make them God's chosen people, nor does it make the state of Israel the "promised land". See God's Definitions Part I & Part II - The House of Isreal; & The House of God at my blog - https:shreddingtheveil.org. – Gina Oct 11 '17 at 18:54
  • May I trouble you to amend your answer to replace the words "the end of the Jews" to something the better reflects your view of the end of their polity? As written it has very disturbing connotations. Thanks. – Ruminator Oct 11 '17 at 19:40
  • OK. Done. But you might be interested to know that about 95% of the population of the world today can claim DNA evidence of lineage to Abraham. Since the diaspora of the Jews to all nations most of us have the blood ties they so highly tout. – Gina Oct 11 '17 at 20:30
  • Jewishness is matrilineal; reckoned only through the mother. (Tribal affiliation is reckoned through the father). I'm a little disturbed by your choice of phrasing "blood lines they so highly tout". Do I detect some contempt for the Jews? – Ruminator Oct 11 '17 at 20:35

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