What is the meaning of the yields in the parable of the Sower?

After telling the Parable of the Sower in Matthew 13, Jesus begins by explaining the parable to his disciples. He concludes his explanation in verse 23 by saying

But as for the seed sown on good soil, this is the person who hears the word and understands. He bears fruit, yielding a hundred, sixty, or thirty times what was sown. (NET)

I have a set of related questions:

• Why are three specific values given. Why not four? Or two?
• Why is the pattern of multiples of thirty broken (e.g., why not 90, 60, 30)?
• Is there any meaning behind the numbers chosen?
• Why are the values descending (instead of ascending)?
• Why not simply say "with some bearing fruit and others yielding fruit abundantly" or some such similar (and more general) thing?

Data

The parable is found in Matthew 13:1-9; Mark 4:1-9; Luke 8:4-8 (or read also in convenient parallel columns). The key verse of interest has these synoptic parallels (NASB), first in the parable itself:

``````+---------------------+---------------------+---------------------+
|       Mt 13:8       |       Mk 4:8        |      Lk 8:8a        |
+---------------------+---------------------+---------------------+
| And others fell     | Other *seeds* fell  | Other *seed* fell   |
| on the good soil    | into the good soil, | into the good soil, |
|                     | and as they grew up | and grew up,        |
|                     | and increased,      |                     |
| and yielded a crop, | they yielded a crop |                     |
|                     | and produced        | and produced a crop |
| some a hundredfold, | thirty,             | a hundred times     |
| some sixty,         | sixty,              |                     |
| and some thirty.    | and a hundredfold.  |                     |
|                     |                     | as great.           |
+---------------------+---------------------+---------------------+
``````

And also in the accompanying explanation:

``````+------------------------+------------------------+------------------------------+
|        Mt 13:23        |        Mk 4:20         |           Lk 8:15            |
+------------------------+------------------------+------------------------------+
| And the one            | And those are the ones |                              |
| on whom seed was sown  | on whom seed was sown  | But the *seed*               |
| on the good soil,      | on the good soil;      | in the good soil,            |
| this is the man        |                        | these are the ones           |
| who hears the word     | and they hear the word | who have heard the word      |
|                        | and accept it          | in an honest and good heart, |
| and understands it;    |                        | and hold it fast,            |
| who indeed bears fruit | and bear fruit,        | and bear fruit               |
| and brings forth,      |                        |                              |
| some a hundredfold,    | thirty,                |                              |
| some sixty,            | sixty,                 |                              |
| and some thirty.       | and a hundredfold.     |                              |
|                        |                        | with perseverance.           |
+------------------------+------------------------+------------------------------+
``````
• The descending thing is especially weird considering it's ascending in Mark's version! Luke only has a hundred. Jul 20, 2017 at 8:17

Two things to add to the discussion.

The "hundredfold" increase in the yield would have brought to the listener's mind the story of Isaac:

"Isaac planted crops in that land and the same year reaped a hundredfold, because the LORD blessed him" (Gen. 26:12).

The hundredfold here in Genesis represents the blessings of God.

As for the 30 and 60? I can find no scholarly consensus. The ambiguity leaves it open for interpretation. The only agreement seems to be the "hundredfold" points to Genesis 26:12.

In an article called, The Parable of the Sower and the Soils, by Mark L. Bailey (Bibliotheca Sacra 155 (April-June 1998) 172-88), he includes this comment from Pliny the Elder regarding wheat yields:

"The deputy governor of that region [Byzacium in Africa] sent to his late Majesty Augustus - almost incredible as it seems - a parcel of very nearly 400 shoots obtained from a single grain as seed, and there is still in existence dispatches relating to the matter. He likewise sent to Nero also 360 stalks obtained from one grain. At all events, the plains of Lentini and other districts in Sicily, and the whole of Andalusia, and particularly Egypt reproduce at the rate of a hundredfold."

Pliny the Elder, Natural History 5 249.

It is possible then that the expression "a hundredfold" was also common throughout the Mediterranean world.

In an agrarian society where grains are the main crop one's ability to feed oneself is largely related to the size of the yield. The "yield" vs the investment is the "profit" or "return on investment (ROI)". In some pursuits one speaks in terms of percentages, such as a "10% profit" but in the case of wheat production one normally speaks of bushels per acre in round numbers:

http://www.producer.com/2014/03/the-reality-of-100-bushel-per-acre-wheat/

100 bushels per acre is considered an excellent yield. Depending on other factors one might more realistically target or reach 90, 60, 40, 30 or other appropriate numbers of bushels per acre. The numbers supplied in the parable seem to reflect that successful farming is not a particular number but rather the best yields that the land and conditions will support. The fact that the numbers in the parable versions are in different orders suggests that the order is not significant.

The parable does not focus on the weather or the quality of the seed which in reality are HUGE factors for yield. Instead he focuses on the preparation of the soil as metaphors for the preparation of the "heart". The seed is the message, the rain is the vehicle of divine stimulation and nourishment which are not being considered but the reception, condition, response and protection of the message is what is being shown to be key to yield.

Note also that the translation "bears fruit" is a bit misleading. What is in view is not fruit such as apples and oranges but rather grains where the harvest is more seeds. A grain/seed of wheat gives rise to a plant that bears more seeds:

New International Version John 12:24 Very truly I tell you, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds.

So from the point of view of the seed, the one seed reproduces itself. Jesus is a special case. In his death and resurrection produced a tree of gargantuan proportion and incorporates all of the saints who likewise participate in his death and resurrection:

NIV Matthew 13: 31He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. 32Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.”

New International Version Romans 6:5 For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we will certainly also be united with him in a resurrection like his.

In the Kingdom of God there is a value system for each believer works (yield), thus God expects every true follower of Christ to effectively to bear fruit. There are different yield which have a direct correlation to the quality of the soil or the condition of the believer heart. Hence some Christian will greatly impact the Kingdom of God during their lives and other will have a lesser impact during their pilgrimage. The main focus of this “mystery” principal is that the Kingdom of God is within us (Luke 17:20) therefore we must be ready to do His will without reservation, so that God Kingdom can continue to grow like the muster seed on earth.

• Hi Javier, welcome to BHSE! Please take the Site Tour when you get a chance. This answer could be improved by 'showing your work' - doing a bit more digging in the text and demonstrating how you've arrived at these conclusions hermeneutically. I've edited also your answer to remove the advertisement, as this goes against site policy. Feb 21, 2020 at 14:21

The last type of soil that Jesus comments on is the fine soil. This refers to those who hear the word and accept it into their heart, getting the real sense of it. With what result? They “bear fruit.” Because of their circumstances, such as age or health, not all can do the same; one produces 100 times more, another 60 times more, and another 30 times more. Yes, blessings in serving God come to “ones who, after hearing the word with a fine and good heart, retain it and bear fruit with endurance.”Luke 8:15.

• @ONicolas, instead of "<<< >>>" for accent, please use the provided formatting tools. Thanks. Aug 28, 2017 at 21:27

The significance of 30/60/100 folds applies to the spiritual law of "sowing and reaping" what a man sows, he/she reaps...thirty, sixty and a hundred fold...

My soul with its three faculties mind (centre of awareness and consciousness), heart (centre of tender love), and will (centre of action) is the soil where the Father plants His seed , the Life of His Son Jesus Christ in me......

+ As my soul abandons the way of the world and becomes consecrated only to Him, and to be "IN" Christ, the soul understand the "Word" as Mathew describes it, and becomes conscious to the reality of being "IN: HIM (the first gains a 30% fold , and

+ as it becomes disciplined to be sustained only "BY" the Spirit and leaning only "ON" the Spirit, as Mark describes it for the soul accepts it in the heart or embrace it; it gains another 30% fold making an aggregate of 60% .

+ And finally as the soul progresses to live only "For" The Father, as Luke describes it "holds it fast and obeys it with all its will", the soul adds another 40% yield, making an aggregate of full 100%.

+++++++++++ The Lord, in His wisdom, ordained the typo in the spiritual feasts under the Mosaic Law...to prepare our souls to perceive the reality in Christ

The seven yearly feast days that God ordained had within them three special days or times of giving. When the windows of heaven would be open to receive from His people, they were to bring and present an offering. (1)

The first was Pesach or passover your offering was worth thirty percent.

fulfilled in our celebration of the death of Christ on the Cross, for Christ died for us, so that we may be able to die to the old self and live for God.....

(2)

The second was Shavuot or pentecost offering worth thirty percent.

Fulfilled in the coming of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit and Fire from above to be the source of our sustenance and guidance day and night....for
as we progress and live in Him sustained by the Spirit and leaning only on Him, the soul becomes enriched by the Spirit and starts to exhibit the life of Christ Himself.

(3) The third was Yom Kippur or day of atonement was worth forty percent and would carry you through the winter when you saw no visible growth, faith.

This is fulfilled in the act of total surrender to the Father and giving of His life in obedience to the Father....this act of will produces greater harvest than its predecessors as it gains 40% making a full aggregate for the year (cycle of life) a total 100 fold....
+++++++++++

• Welcome to BHSX. Thanks for your contribution. Please remember to take the tour (link below) to better understand how this site works. Jan 29, 2021 at 21:38
• This answer is based on an opinion regarding mind/heart/will which the answer does not prove hermeneutically from scripture. Feb 1, 2021 at 6:46