JESUS: The firstborn [prōtotokos] of all creation.
What is the Bibles view of [prōtotokos]
Paul wrote to the congregation of Colossae,
Colossians 1:15-18 (NRSV)
The Supremacy of Christ
15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all
creation; 16 for in[a]him all things in heaven and on earth were
created, things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or
rulers or powers—all things have been created through him and for him.
17 He himself is before all things, and in[b] him all things hold
Paul continues in verse 18 to explain what he means by the phrase “the firstborn over all creation”.
18 He is the head of the body, the church; he is the
beginning,[arkhe] the firstborn [prototokos] from the dead, so
that he might come to have first place in everything.
In this verse we note that both words “arkhe” and “prototokos” indicating that he is the first of a new group “the head the body of the church” so that he may have first place in everything, the first fruits, 1 Corinthians 15:22-23, verse 23 states, “Christ the first fruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ.”(NRSV)
How does the Bible use the word [prototokos] firstborn.
The Greek Septuagint translation at Genesis 49:3 reads as follows; (Online)
3 “Ruben, thou art my first-born, [prototokos] thou my strength, and
the first of my children, hard to be endured, hard and self-willed. “
Genesis 43:43 (NRSV)
“When they were seated before him, the firstborn according to his
birthright and the youngest according to his youth, the men looked at
one another in amazement.”
Deuteronomy 25:6 (NRSV)
“And the firstborn whom she bears shall succeed to the name of the
deceased brother, so that his name may not be blotted out of Israel.”
The Right of the Firstborn
Deuteronomy 21:15-17 (NRSV)
15 “If a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and both
the loved and the unloved bear him sons, and if the unloved wife has
the firstborn son, 16 when that man gives what he has to his sons as
an inheritance, he is not to show favoritism to the son of the loved
wife as his firstborn over the firstborn of the unloved wife. 17 He
must acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the unloved wife, by giving
him two shares[a][b] of his estate, for he is the firstfruits of his
virility; he has the rights of the firstborn.
2 Chronicles 21:3 (NRSV)
3" Their father gave them many gifts, of silver, gold, and valuable
possessions, together with fortified cities in Judah; but he gave the
kingdom to Jehoram, because he was the firstborn."
We note from the above verses that the firstborn has privileges; he received twice as much than his brothers of the father’s property succeeded the headship of the family, if the son of a king, he will inherit the kingdom and if the father is a priest, he will inherit the priesthood.
Jesus given the privileges of the firstborn,
Matthew 28:18 (NRSV)
18 And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on
earth has been given to me."
Paul wrote concerning the privileges of the firstborn;
Ephesians 1:20-23 (NRSV)
20 "God[a] put this power to work in Christ when he raised him from
the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places, 21
far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above
every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the age to
come. 22 And he has put all things under his feet and has made him the
head over all things for the church, 23 which is his body, the
fullness of him who fills all in all."
Jesus made King and High Priest in the manner of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 7:1-3 (NRSV)
7 "This “King Melchizedek of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met
Abraham as he was returning from defeating the kings and blessed him”;
2 and to him Abraham apportioned “one-tenth of everything.” His name,
in the first place, means “king of righteousness”; next he is also
king of Salem, that is, “king of peace.” 3 Without father, without
mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of
life, but resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever."
Jesus Christ, as “the firstborn of all creation,” and faithful to God his Father to the end, has been appointed “heir of all things.” (Colossians 1:15 )
And inherits the throne of his ancestor David:
Luke 1:32 (NRSV)
32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and
the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David.”