4

Ezekiel 1:1-2 (KJV)

1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God. 2 In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity,

Ezekiel 4:5-6 (KJV)

5 For I have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity, according to the number of the days, three hundred and ninety days: so shalt thou bear the iniquity of the house of Israel. 6 And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days:

Ezekiel 8:1 (KJV)

1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I sat in mine house, and the elders of Judah sat before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell there upon me

It seems Ezekiel began his ordeal of lying on his right & left side seven days after the fifth day of the fourth month of the fifth year & ended on the fifth day of the sixth month of the sixth year.

In the sixth year he is found sitting before the elders of Judah. He could not have completed the 430 days.

  • Honestly i can't imagine a human being doing this for 430 days, the ordeal is way too big for any human being to handle. This is to me another convincing reason to believe that Ezekiel did not finish it (or maybe even start). – Bach May 30 '17 at 15:00
  • It stands to reason, even without explicit mention, that no human, including Ezekiel, uses the bathroom (so to speak) while lying on one side. As such, the proposed interpretation for the given passage seems forced, to say the least. – Lucian Jan 16 '18 at 3:33
3

The solar year is about eleven days longer than twelve lunar months. The Bible does not directly mention the addition of "embolismic" or intercalary months. However, without the insertion of embolismic months, Jewish festivals would gradually shift outside of the seasons required by the Torah. This has been ruled as implying a requirement for the insertion of embolismic months to reconcile the lunar cycles to the seasons, which are integral to solar yearly cycles.
-- Wikipedia - Hebrew Calendar

Given this, from the fifth day of the fourth month of the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity, to fifth day of the sixth month of the sixth year of Jehoiachin's captivity, there was (approximately, using minimum values):

353 days (regular year, 353/354/355 days) +  
 58 days (2 extra months) +  
 29 days (intercalary month)  
--------  
440 days
--------

Is it known that there was an intercalary month at the end of the fifth year? For the numbers to work, there must have been.

5

In Ezekiel Chapter 4 Ezekiel is told to lay on his left side for 390 days and then on his right side for 40 days while prophesying against Jerusalem (facing toward the drawing he made of Jerusalem's siege). However, to believe he was lying down 24/7 would be erroneous. If you continue reading in chapter 4 you will find that he was to also make bread (now called Ezekiel bread) and cook it over dung...and eat it while drinking a minimal amount of water. In fact, the bible doesn't say how many hours a day Ezekiel was to lie on his side. Thus, finding him sitting in his house with the elders does not void his completion of God's command to lie on his side every day and prophecy toward Jerusalem.

2

If it is admitted that not all chapters in Ezekiel were written in strict chronological order (e.g. Ezekiel 20:1, more appropriately 29:1-2/26:1-2, 33:21-22/32:1-2), then it remains to be proven that the events of chapter four occurred at the same time as that of chapter one, that is, during the fifth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin. Furthermore, if the 390 days that he was to lay upon his left side is equated at a rate of one day for a year with the time that Israel had then been divided into its kingdoms (4:5), then the approximate year he would have received the pre-exilic visualization (4:1) would have been during the seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin. That is two years after the year mentioned in chapter one. Therefore the activities of chapter eight would have already occurred as they concerned the sixth year. Then you would rather be looking at comparing his fasting with the events of chapter twenty (20:1).

This table shows the years as listed in Kings.

|  1 Kings 14:21; 31             |  17
|  1 Kings 15:2; 8               |   3
|  1 Kings 15:10; 24             |  41
|  1 Kings 22:42; 50,2 Kings 3:1 |  18
|  2 Kings 8:25; 26              |  12
|  2 Kings 11:3                  |   6
|  2 Kings 13:10                 |  36
|  2 Kings 14:1-2; 23            |16-1
|  2 Kings 14:23,15:1            |  26
|  2 Kings 15:2; 5; 27           |  51
|  2 Kings 15:27,16:1            |  16
|  2 Kings 15:27,16:1,17:1       |  11
|  2 Kings 17:1,18:9             |   7
|  2 Kings 18:2,20:21            |29-4
|  2 Kings 21:1; 21:18           |  55
|  2 Kings 21:19; 26             |   2
|  2 Kings 22:1; 23:30           |  31
|  2 Kings 23:31                 |   0.25
|  2 Kings 23:36; 24:6           |  11
|  2 Kings 24:8                  |   0.25
| Years of Jehoiachin's captivity|   7
| Total                          | 390
  • Welcome to BH.SE! This answer shows promise. I tried to break up the sentences for easier reading and hope I didn't change any meanings. Please take the site tour to see how the stack exchange works. – Frank Luke May 31 '17 at 3:26
  • My proof: 1Ki 14:21;31(17) + 1Ki 15:2;8(3) + 1Ki 15:10;24(41) + 1Ki 22:42;50,2Ki 3:1(18) + 2Ki 8:25;26(12) + 2Ki 11:3(6) + 2Ki 13:10(36) + 2Ki 14:1-2;23(16-1) + 2Ki 14:23,15:1(26) + 2Ki 15:2;5;27(51) + 2Ki 15:27,16:1(16) + 2Ki 15:27,16:1,17:1(11) + 2Ki 17:1,18:9(7) + 2Ki 18:2,20:21(29-4) + 2Ki 21:1;21:18(55) + 2Ki 21:19;26(2) + 2Ki 22:1;23:30(31) + 2Ki 23:31(.25) + 2Ki 23:36;24:6(11) + 2Ki 24:8(.25) + 7 = 390 years – user17322 May 31 '17 at 7:36
  • 1
    I've edited the references into the answer. – Frank Luke May 31 '17 at 14:00
  • 2
    @FrankLuke There ought to be a badge for that.... – Dɑvïd May 31 '17 at 14:39
2

From the Bible Knowledge Commentary:

This is the most difficult sign in the book to interpret, partly because of the ambiguity of the text and partly because of a textual problem. God told Ezekiel to lie on his left side and put the sin of the house of Israel on himself. If Ezekiel prostrated himself with his head toward Jerusalem (cf. Dan 6:10), he was facing north when he lay on his left side (and south when he lay on his right side, Eze 4:6). His facing north, which represented Israel, the Northern Kingdom, was to be for 390 days. Ezekiel did not remain in this position 24 hours a day, because the very next sign (Eze 4:9-17) includes some other actions Ezekiel was to do in that time. He probably remained in this position for a portion of each day. After remaining on his left side for 390 days, he was to lie on his right side, and bear the sin of the house of Judah. His facing toward the south, representing Judah, the Southern Kingdom, was to last for 40 days. To symbolize the confinement of the siege, God had Ezekiel tied up with ropes (Eze 4:8). Apparently Ezekiel was tied up only during the time each day when he lay on his side.

0

I've been doing it for nearly four years. I've only been able to lie on one side and I'm not paralyzed. I can walk and sit, but not without pain. And due to an affliction that came out-of-the-blue, and it's rare for anyone to have heard of it, when I lie down it's on one side only. It's interesting to read of people who think they can figure out exactly what Ezekiel's "laying on one side" meant when you're looking through a glass darkly.

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