Genesis 34:1-3 NASB

[1]Now Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the daughters of the land. [2]When Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her, he took her and lay with her by force. [3]He was deeply attracted to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the girl and spoke tenderly to her.

When Jacob left Paddan Aram (Genesis 31) after spending twenty years with Laban,he had twelve children who probably ranged between one year to thirteen years of which Dinah must have been around four years.

We find her visiting the daughters of Shechem & the fateful event that took place (Genesis 34),Could the journey from Paddam Aram to Shechem have taken some years so as to warranty that by the time they reached Shechem Dinah had attained the age of marriage,or there is a chronological issue?


A time-line of OT events is indispensable when making this type of inquiry. The one at biblehistory.com has an excellent interface.

Dinah was born around the time of Joseph's birth:

19 And Leah conceived again, and bare Jacob the sixth son. 20 And Leah said, God hath endued me with a good dowry; now will my husband dwell with me, because I have born him six sons: and she called his name Zebulun. 21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah.
And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb. 23 And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, God hath taken away my reproach: 24 And she called his name Joseph; and said, The LORD shall add to me another son.

Now, according to biblehistory.com, Joseph was born around 1700 BC, and the incident involving Dinah occurred around 1685 BC, making Dinah about 15 years old.

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There are various sources in Rabbinic thought about this: Tractate Sofrim (last chapter) says that Dinah was 6 years old.

Midrash Sechel Tov (to Gen. 34:4) says she was 8.5 years old.

Similarly, R. Saadia Gaon and R. Bahay say (to Gen. 34:3) she was 8 years and 1 month old.

R. David Ganz (Zemah David, Year 2206) records opinions that she was either 9 or 10 years old.

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