Closely Related:
- Matthew 4 - How Should Galilee of the Nations be Interpreted?
- Was Nazareth a joke town?

1. Question, Historical Context:

What were the religious / cultural demographics of "The Galilee" in the Temple Periods? Was there a "Gentile-ish Jewish Sect" in Galilee?

What Galilean religious sect, or other factor, could have accounted for Jesus' theologies and training? (If asked from a Non-Christian point-of-view, as an alternative to "Divine Revelation".)

NASB, John 7:15 - And the Jews marveled, saying, “How does this Man know letters, having never studied?”

Was there a specific religious sect that was present in Galilee during this period? (Beit Shammai, Beit Hillel, the Samaritans, Herodians, etc.)

2. Current Research :

NASB, Matthew 4:15 - “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles, (from Isaiah 9:1) ...

What Sect could the Mishnah have been referring to - in the Galilee?

MISHNA Pesahim IV - And the Sages say, "In Yehuda, they would do work on the eve of Pesach until noon; and in the Galilee they did not work at all [on that day]." And [with respect to] the evening [of the fourteenth of Nissan in places like the Galilee], Beit Shammai forbids [work], but Beit Hillel permits [it] until the sunrise.

NASB, Luke 23:6-7 - 6 When Pilate heard it, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7 And when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who himself also was in Jerusalem at that time.

  • 1
    Did you look at Josephus? He wrote a lot about how the various jurisdictions came about.
    – user33515
    Apr 6 '17 at 21:27
  • user33515 - I have not read it yet. A.) Was Galilee any different from the other jurisdictions for some reason? B.) Or, was there some noteworthy Jewish sect residing there, (which may have influenced Jesus some way or the other)? Apr 6 '17 at 21:33
  • He wrote two large volumes. I think they are online. I think the answer to A is yes - but I am not very familiar with the details. I think that the Hellenistic influence dating back to Alexander was much stronger in the North. I don't have an objective opinion on B.
    – user33515
    Apr 6 '17 at 21:53
  • Even today, Galilee doesn't seem to be as Jewish as the rest of Israel. Nazareth, for example, is an Arab city (I've been there)
    – user33515
    Apr 6 '17 at 21:55
  • 1
    Josephus was first a Jewish rebel during the war in c.70, but then he switched sides and joined the Romans. During the rebellion he was for a time himself the commander of the Galileans. I would answer your question, but I have huge holes in my knowledge.
    – user33515
    Apr 7 '17 at 19:10