Some scholars date this Psalm to the period of the Judges, because of the many references to their victories (namely: Zevach and Tzalmuna, Sisera). Are there any other reasons why this Psalm should be dated to the period of the Judges? Which other dates have been suggested for the composition of this Psalm?
With the single exception of Psalm 90, "A Prayer of Moses the man of God", all the Psalms with attributions were written during or after the time of David. Psalm 83 is no exception.
Psalm 83 has the superscription, "A Song. A Psalm of Asaph". So who was Asaph? Apart from the what is mentioned in the Psalms, there are four people (possible only 3) with the name "Asaph" who are:
- Son of Berachiah (1 Chron 6:39, 43) whop was appointed by David because he was a singer and a player of cymbals (1 Chron 15:19, 16:4-7). Apparently 11 Psalms have the superscription "of Asaph". 128 of Asaph descendants returned from Babylon to provide music for the second Temple.
- The father of Hezekiah's recorder (2 Kings 18:18)
- An official in charge of the royal forest in the time of King Artaxerxes (Neh 2:8)
- A son of Korah and also known as Ebiasaph (1 Chron 26:1, 6:37, 9:19).
Based on the above evidence, it appears that Psalm 83 was probably written during the reign of Kind David by one of his chief musicians a man called Asaph (#1 above) who lead the choir and played other instruments. Therefore, the Psalm would be about 3000 years old.