(KJV)Ezekiel 28:22-24

And say, Thus saith the Lord God ; Behold, I am against thee, O Zidon; and I will be glorified in the midst of thee: and they shall know that I am the Lord , when I shall have executed judgments in her, and shall be sanctified in her. [23] For I will send into her pestilence, and blood into her streets; and the wounded shall be judged in the midst of her by the sword upon her on every side; and they shall know that I am the Lord . [24] And there shall be no more a pricking brier unto the house of Israel, nor any grieving thorn of all that are round about them, that despised them; and they shall know that I am the Lord God

(KJV)1 Kings 16:29-31

And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years. [30] And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the Lord above all that were before him. [31] And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him.

The prophet Ezekiel takes a proclamation against Sidon that there shall be no more pricking brier-nothing to excite Israel to idolatry when restored from their captivity, could the prophet be referring to Jezebel daughter of Ethabaal king of Sidonians & wife to Ahab king of Israel who was the greatest curse to Israel & universal restorer of idolatry in the land


  • (1) It would help if you used a more modern translation: there are plenty, and the sense would be more clear to you. (2) Did you read the article linked in an answer to one of your previous questions? That should have helped here, too.
    – Dɑvïd
    Dec 24, 2016 at 17:22

1 Answer 1



The passage in Ezekiel 28:20-26 works this way:

  1. 28:20-23 Oracle against Sidon
  2. 28:24-26 Israel Secure
    1. 28:24 Safe from surrounding people
    2. 28:25-26 Gathered by God in security

Note these structural features:

  • the distinctive (in Ezekiel) concluding "recognition" formula, "then they/you will know that I am the Lord" in vv. 23, 24, and 26;
  • the repetition of "their neighbours" (sebibotam) in vv. 24 and 26;
  • vv. 24-26 come "precisely at the halfway point in the collection of foreign-nation oracles. Verses 24 and 26 make explicit what is sometimes implicit and often simply absent from foreign oracles: the subduing of God’s enemies will result in the well-being of God’s own people." (ESV Study Bible)

So OP's concern with v. 24 participating in an "allusion" to 1 Kings 16:29-31 is doubly mis-placed:

  • v. 24 is not part of the oracle against Sidon (and it explicitly speaks of Israel's neighbours inclusively, and is so not speaking of Sidon particularly); and
  • there is nothing in these verses to connect them to 1 Kings 16 beyond the bare mention of Sidon, which is nothing special (occurs > 30x in Hebrew Bible).

So there is nothing to link Ezekiel's oracle against Sidon to 1 Kings 16, certainly nothing that merits the term "allusion".

  • Why separate v.24 from 22 & 23 when the judgments against Sidon result in the security of Israel from all around inc Dec 24, 2016 at 19:25
  • Verse 24 begins with a conjunction (and) which means its linked to the previous verses then why separate v.24 from 22 & 23 when the judgments executed in 22 & 23 result in security for Israel from all around including Sidon Dec 24, 2016 at 19:35
  • (1) Why separate? Because (a) the concluding formula, and (b) the explicit reference to "neighbours" shows v. 24 is not about Sidon.
    – Dɑvïd
    Dec 24, 2016 at 19:40
  • 1
    (2) The conj. which starts v. 24 is meaningless for this discussion. Note how often it is simply omitted by modern (and non-wooden!) translations. Note, too, that the books of Lev, Num, Josh, Jdg, Ruth, 1-2 Sam, 1-2 Kgs, 2 Chron, Ezra, Esther, and Ezekiel all begin with "and". The conjunction in Hebrew does not mean what you think it means here.
    – Dɑvïd
    Dec 24, 2016 at 19:43
  • no more. . . brier. . . unto. . . Israel--as the idolatrous nations left in Canaan (among which Zidon is expressly specified in the limits of Asher, Jdg 1:31 ) had been ( Num 33:55 Jos 23:13 ). "A brier," first ensnaring the Israelites in sin, and then being made the instrument of punishing them. Dec 24, 2016 at 20:24

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