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  • Num. 22:4

4 So Moab said to the elders of Midian, “Now this company will lick up everything around us, as an ox licks up the grass of the field.” And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time. NKJV, 1982

  • Num. 25:1

1 Now Israel remained in Acacia Grove, a and the people began to commit harlotry with the women of Moab. NKJV, 1982

  • Num. 25:16–17

16 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying: 17 “Harass the Midianites, and attack them; 18 for they harassed you with their schemes by which they seduced you in the matter of Peor and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a leader of Midian, their sister, who was killed in the day of the plague because of Peor.” NKJV, 1982

Were the Midianites and the Moabites the same people?

  • 1
    They were not the same people. – Dick Harfield Dec 23 '16 at 19:48
  • 3
    Midian & Moab. – Dɑvïd Dec 23 '16 at 21:26
  • @user34445 I suppose we could think about the Midians & Moabs to be be similar to today's relationship between the Scottish, English and Welsh who are 3 separate people groups who reside close to each other in the United Kingdom(UK) – crazyTech Oct 3 at 21:22
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Moab and Ammon were born to Lot and Lot's elder and younger daughters, respectively, in the aftermath of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

The Moabites and Ammonites were referred to Biblically as:

sons of Lot, born of incest with his daughters [Gen 19:37-38]

The Midianites, however, were descendants of Midian, one of the sons of Abraham through Keturah:

"… again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah. And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah" [Gen 25:1–2]

Accordingly the Moabites and the Medianites were not the same people.

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This is a good question and my answer is way too late, yet I still felt compelled to answer what I think was behind the original question. Yes these were two different people as is accurately answered above, but when the judgment came on them for their enticing Israel into sin in one place God specifically mentions the women of Moab and in another the Midianite woman named Cozbi. So in reality God exacted judgment on both lands since both were part of the original consultation with Balaam and both followed through with Balaam's advice to entice the Israelites into sexual sin and idolatry.

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