In Galatians 4:6 it reads,

Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out "Abba, Father." (NIV)

Is Paul saying the Son of the Trinity, Jesus Christ, indwells in the believer as a Spirit next to the Holy Spirit? Or, is Paul saying the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Son?


According to the new testament witness, the Spirit of God and the Spirit of Christ are one and the same Spirit (Romans 8:9).

The apostles also tell us that this was true of the Spirit in the Old Testament also (1 Peter 1:11).

It is through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, that the Father and the Son are said to "make [their] home" in the believer (John 14:23).

So, yes, the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Son but also the Spirit of the Father. The Holy Spirit is therefore said to proceed from both the Father and the Son (John 14:26; 15:26).

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  • Where does Paul say anything about a trinity? Just one quotation maybe? – fdb Sep 8 '16 at 19:14
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    The specific subject under discussion is whether or not the Spirit of Christ and the Holy Spirit one and the same Spirit, to which I have offered an answer. Are you wanting to widen this discussion by asking a broader question as to whether or not the concept of God as trinity is evident in Pauline theology - is this the case? – Richard Sep 9 '16 at 5:17

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